Angel pavement by John B. Priestley icon

Angel pavement by John B. Priestley

НазваниеAngel pavement by John B. Priestley
Дата конвертации11.10.2012
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By John B. Priestley

(Two extracts from the novel)

"Cut some off for George," said Mrs. Smeeth, "and I'll keep it hot for him. He's going to be late again. You're a bit late yourself tonight, Dad."

"I know. We've had a funny day today," replied Mr. Smeeth, but for the time being he did not pursue the subject. He was busy carving, and though it was only cold mutton he was carving, he liked to give it all of his attention.

"Now, then, Edna," cried Mrs. Smeeth to her daughter, "don't sit there dreaming. Pass the potatoes and the greens — careful, they're hot. And the mint sauce. Oh, I forgot it. Run and get it, that's a good girl. All right, don't bother yourself. I can be there and back before you've got your wits together."

Mr. Smeeth looked up from his carving and eyed Edna severely. "Why didn't you go and get it when your mother told you. Letting her do everything."

His daughter pulled down her mouth and wriggled a little. "I'd have gone," she said in a whining tone. "Didn't give me time, that's all."

Mr. Smeeth grunted impatiently. Edna annoyed him these days. He had been very fond of her when she was a child — and, for that matter, he was still fond of her — but now she had arrived at what seemed to him a very silly, awkward age. She had a way of acting, of looking, of talking, all acquired fairly recently, that irritated him. An outsider might have come to the conclusion that Edna looked like a slightly soiled and cheapened elf. She was between seventeen and eighteen,
a smallish girl, thin about the neck and shoulders but with sturdy legs! She had a broad snub nose, a little round mouth that was nearly always open, and greyish-greenish-bluish eyes set rather wide apart; and scores of faces exactly like hers, pert, prettyish and under-nourished, may be seen within a stone's throw of any picture theatre any evening in any large town. She had left school as soon as she could, and had wandered in an out of various jobs, the latest and steadiest of them [192] being one as assistant in a big draper's Finsbury Park way. At home now, being neither child nor an adult, neither dependent nor independent, she was at her worst: languid and complaining, shrill and resentful, or sullen and tearful; she would not eat properly; she did not want to help her mother, to do a bit of washing-up, to tidy her room; and it was only when one of her silly little friends called, when she was going out, that she suddenly sprang into a vivid personal life of her own,
became eager and vivacious. This contrast, as sharp as a sword, sometimes angered, sometimes saddened her father, who could not imagine how his home, for which he saw himself for ever planning and working, appeared in the eyes of fretful, secretive and ambitious adolescence.
These changes in Edna annoyed and worried him far more than they did Mrs. Smeeth, who only took offence when she had a solid grievance, and turned a tolerant, sagely feminine eye on what she called Edna's "airs and graces".

Left to himself, Mr. Smeeth slowly knocked out his pipe in the coal-scuttle and then stared into the fire, brooding. He was always catching himself grumbling about the children now, and he did not want to be a grumbling father. He had enjoyed them when they were young, but now, although there were times when he felt a touch of pride, he no longer understood them. George especially, the elder of the two, and once a very bright promising boy, was both a disappointment and a mystery. George had had opportunities he himself had never had. But George had shown an inclination from the first, to go his own way, which seemed to Mr. Smeeth a very poor way. He had no desire to stick to anything, to serve somebody faithfully, to work himself steadily up to a good safe position. He simply tried one thing after another, selling wireless sets, helping some pal in a garage (he was in a garage now, and it was his fourth or fifth), and though he always contrived to earn something and appeared to work hard enough, he was not, in his father's opinion, getting anywhere.

He was only twenty, of course, and there was time, but Mr. Smeeth, who knew very well that George would continue to go his own way without any reference to him, did not see any possibility of improvement. The point was, that to George, there was nothing wrong, and his father was well aware of the fact that he could not make him see there was anything wrong. That was the trouble with both his children. There was obviously nothing bad about either of them; they compared very favourably with other people's boys and girls; and he would have been quick to defend them; but nevertheless, they were [193] growing up to be men and women he could not understand, just as if they were foreigners. And it was all very perplexing and vaguely saddening.

The truth was, of course, that Mr. Smeeth's children were foreigners, not simply because they belonged to a younger generation but because they belonged to a younger generation that existed in a different world. Mr. Smeeth was perplexed because he applied to them standards they did not recognize. They were the product of a changing civilization. They were the children of the Woolworth stores and the moving pictures. Their world was at once larger and shallower than that of their parents. They were less English, more cosmopolitan. Mr. Smeeth could not understand George and Edna, but a host of youths and girls in New York, Paris and Berlin would have understood them at a glance. Edna's appearance, her grimaces and gestures, were temporarily based on those of an Americanized Polish Jewess, who, from her mint in Hollywood, had stamped them on these young girls all over the world. George's knowing eye for a machine, his cigarette and drooping eyelid, his sleek hair, his ties and shoes and suits, the smallest details of his motor-cycling and dancing, his staccato impersonal talk, his huge indifferences, could be matched almost exactly round every corner in any American city or European capital.


Vocabulary Notes

1. Pursue vt 1) follow in order to capture or kill; chase 2) (fig.) keep close to; never leave, e.g. His record as a criminal pursued him wherever he went. 3) follow after; seek after; aim at, as to pursue pleasure 4) continue; follow out; carry on, as to pursue one's studies, to pursue a subject continue to talk about it; argue it further

Pursuer n one who pursues; pursuit л 1) the act of pursuing, following or chasing, as a dog in pursuit of rabbits; pursuit of happiness 2) any regular occupation or pastime, as pursuit of science.
Syn. employment

2. eye vt watch very carefully, as to eye a person with suspicion.

Syn. look, stare, gaze, glare, glance

Word Discrimination: look vi is neutral and does not imply any particular aspects of the manner of watching; look n [194] stare vi look steadily, with wide-open eyes, in surprise, curiosity or contempt. Srare may also denote the way of senseless looking devoid of any expression as stare into space; stare n

Gaze vi implies a long and steady process of looking. It may be emotionally coloured: a person may gaze in wonder, tenderness, with interest, e.g. She was gazing at her baby, gaze, n

Glare vi look long, angrily or even fiercely; glare n

Glance vi take a very quick look; glance n

3. Acquire vr 1) get by one's own efforts and behaviour, e.g. You must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of a foreign language. He has acquired a reputation for dishonesty, an acquired taste one that is not natural, e.g. Many Japanese don't like cheese when they first eat it; it is an acquired taste.

Acquirement л 1) act of acquiring 2) smth. that is acquired through the mind, skill or ability, e.g. She is always boasting of her daughter's acquirements (= saying how clever her daughter is).

4. Cheapen vt 1) make cheap(er); lower the price or value of 2) belittle; bring into contempt, e.g. Constant swearing cheapened him. 3) decrease the quality or beauty of; make inferior or vulgar, e.g. So much smoking rather cheapens the girl. Why should you cheapen yourself by this kind of conduct?

Cheapened p. part, vulgar

5. Assist vt/vi help

Assistance n, e.g. Can 1 be of any assistance? (= Can I help?) Assistant n 1) a helper 2) an employee in a shop selling things (also: shop-assistant). Syn. help

Word Discrimination: assist describes the kind of help in which the recipient of help performs the major part of work, and the role of the one who helps is of minor importance; sometimes he does his work under the supervision of the recipient, e.g. The instructor assists the professor by taking notes during the examination. Cf. She helped him to write the book (i.e. It is possible that he would not have managed the work without her help) and She assisted him in writing the book (i.e. She did minor work without which the book would have been written all the same).

6. Vivid a I) (of colour, etc.) brilliant; intense; very clear, as a vivid flash of lightning; 2) lively; vigorous; active, as a vivid imagination; 3) (of descriptions, etc.) very clear and distinct; lifelike

Vividly adv

Vividness n

7. Vivacious a full of life and animation; high-spirited; gay, as a vivacious girl [195]

Vivaciously adv

Vivacity n liveliness, animation; high spirits

8. Adolescence n the state of growing up; the time between childhood and manhood or womanhood

Adolescent a growing up; л a boy or a girl growing up (aged 13 to 20)

9. Grieve vt/i (formal) 1) cause grief to, e.g. We must all grieve at (for, over) the death of such a good man.

Grievance n a real or imaginary cause for complaint; a real or imaginary wrong or hardship, to nurse grievances, e.g. The old woman liked to speak about her grievances.

Grievous a (formal) 1) bringing serious trouble or great suffering, as grievous wrongs 2) exciting grief, as a grievous accident 3) severe, as grievous pain

10. tolerant a reluctant to interfere with the freedom of thought or actions of others; willing to allow others to think or act as they please even when their opinions, ideas, conduct, etc. seem wrong.
^ Ant. intolerant

Tolerantly adv

Tolerance n willingness to allow others to hold opinions or follow customs different from one's own. Ant. intolerance

Tolerate vt allow; permit; bear; endure, e.g. I will not tolerate your impudence (your conduct).

Tolerable a, Ant. intolerable a

11. Temporary a lasting for a short time only; not permanent, as temporary success (employment)

Temporarily adv

Temporariness л (formal)

Note. Don't confuse the adjectives temporary and temporal. The latter has the following meanings: 1) of this life only; not eternal. 2) having to do with time (c/. the Russian «временный» и «временной»).

^ Word Combinations and Phrases

for the time being to work oneself up to a good position

for that matter to get nowhere (not to get anywhere)

to take offence to apply certain standards to smb.

to turn a tolerant (angry, loving, etc.) eye on smb to be well aware of smth.

a touch of pride (resentment, tenderness, humour, etc. Also: a touch of the flu) [196]


1. a) Listen to the recording of Text Seven and mark the stresses and tunes, b) Repeat the text in the intervals after the model.

2. Find the following words in a dictionary, translate them and practise the pronunciation:

wriggle, wander, languid, resentful, sullen, vivacious, sword, secretive, ambitious, adolescence, coal-scuttle, perplexing, cosmopolitan, temporarily, stacatto

3. Read the following words paying attention to the primary and secondary stresses:

independent, inclination, cigarette, disappointment, possibility, opportunities, generation, civilization

4. Practise the pronunciation of the following word combinations paying attention to the phonetic phenomena of connected speech:

and though it was only cold mutton; don't sit there dreaming; and the mint sauce; I can be there and back; grunted impatiently; thin about the neck and shoulders; sprang into a vivid personal life of her own; Mr. Smeeth slowly knocked out his pipe in the coal-scuttle; grumbling about the children; he had enjoyed them when they were young; he no longer understood them; he simply tried one thing after another; he would have been quick to defend them

5. Read the following word combinations; mind the pronunciation of the nasal sonant, especially in the intervocalic position:

for the time being; letting her do everything; a way of acting, of looking, of talking; to do a bit of washing-up; when she was going out; planning and working; selling wireless sets; getting anywhere; nothing wrong; they were growing up; very perplexing and vaguely saddening; they belonged to a younger generation; knowing eye for a machine; and drooping eyelid; the smallest details of his motor-cycling and dancing

6. Read the beginning of the first extract up to "Didn't give me time, that's all", noting the intonation of the author's words and paying attention to the use of adequate intonation patterns both in the stimuli and responses to convey proper attitudes. [197]

7. Read the following passage from "Left to himself,..." up to "... and vaguely saddening". Observe the intonation group division using proper intonation patterns and beating the time; note strong and weak forms and the intonation of parenthesis and parenthetic groups.

8. Read the text and consider its following aspects.

a) What can be deduced from the first five paragraphs about the relations between the parents and the daughter? Point out the sentences which indirectly reveal the relations.

b) Exemplify the use of epithets used in the portrait-sketch of Edna. What kind of attitude do they create? Find the stylistic device of contrast in the same description. Sum up what you have learned about Edna from this paragraph.

c) Explain and enlarge on: "...her father ... could not imagine how his home, for which he saw himself for ever planning and working, appeared in the eyes of fretful, secretive and ambitious adolescence".

d) What would be lost if the sentence "Mr. Smeeth... stared into the fire, brooding" ran: "Mr. Smeeth looked into the fire, thinking"?

e) Explain the meaning of:

...George had shown an inclination... to go his own way, which seemed to Mr. Smeeth a very poor way. He had no desire... to work himself steadily up to a good safe position.... to George, there was nothing wrong.... he applied to them standards they did not recognize; his huge indifferences...

f) Select the sentences and phrases in which George's portrait-sketch is given. Sum up, in your own words, what you have gathered about George from the description.

g) What is the difference in the methods of portrayal applied in the descriptions of Edna and George?

h) Explain what is meant by: "Their world was at once larger and shallower than that of their parents".

i) Comment on the syntax in the extract beginning "They were the product..." and ending "They were less English". What is the effect produced by the change of the rhythm as compared to the syntax of the preceding paragraphs?

9. Copy out from Text Seven the sentences containing the word combinations and phrases given above and translate them into Russian.

10. Paraphrase the following sentences using the word combinations and phrases:

1. He was quite conscious of the general disapproval, but regarded his critics indifferently and patiently. He didn't seem particular- [198] ly hurt even by the wildest accusations and answered them rather humorously than otherwise. 2. "Let us temporarily drop the subject. We are not likely to achieve any results by this messy argument." 3. Young people will never understand their parents while they judge them from the point of their own views and tastes. So far as that is concerned, the same goes for the parents. People can never understand each other at all unless they are ready to meet each other halfway. 4. Jack was a competent and efficient employee, and everyone expected him to make a good career.

11. Compose two dialogues using the word combinations and phrases. Mind the intonation patterns in the stimuli and responses to convey proper attitudes.

Suggested situations: 1. Conversation between father and son about the boy's future career. They disagree on most points but are trying hard to understand each other. 2. Conversation between two mothers complaining about misunderstandings in their families.

12. Translate the following sentences into English using the word combinations and phrases:

1. Вместо того чтобы смотреть на иллюзии молодых добрыми и терпеливыми глазами, взрослые подчас раздраженно говорили нам: «Любуясь на звезды, ничего не достигнешь. Нужно работать, добиваться прочного положения в обществе, а не гоняться за миражами». 2. «Нельзя же подходить ко всем со своей меркой, — сказал Чарльз с некоторой досадой. — Если уж на то пошло, не все могут позволить себе такие расходы, как ты. И ты это хорошо знаешь». 3. Конечно, Джейн обиделась на эти несправедливые слова, но решила временно сдержаться и не отвечать свекрови. Сказав, что у нее слегка разболелась голова, она ушла в свою комнату.

13. Answer the following questions:

1. What was Mr. Smeeth's attitude to his daughter? 2. What was it that annoyed him in her? 3. What did Edna look like? 4. Do you think that her father's annoyance was well-founded or rather unreasonable? 5. What can be said in Edna's defence? (She was "languid and complaining, shrill and resentful, or sullen and tearful". Probably she had reasons other own for being all that, hadn't she?) 6. Why was it that George, "a very bright promising boy", turned out a disappointment to his father? Do you think that Mr. Smeeth was objec- [199] tive in his disappointment? What was it exactly that worried him about George? Do you think that George's failings were serious
ones? 7. Why was it that Mr. Smeeth's children were foreigners to him? 8. Do you think that the parents are to be blamed for their attempts to apply their own standards to their children? Or, probably, such attempts are natural and understandable?

14. Study the vocabulary notes and translate the examples into Russian.

15. Translate the following sentences paying attention to the words and word combinations in italics:

A. 1. The next moment the cat was shooting out of the room, hotly pursued by the spaniel. 2. It was true that she had let Toby embrace her, but the implied charge of having actually pursued the young man was too unjust. 3. The whole mob was pouring after him. George swerved sharply to the right casting a swift glance at his pursuers. He disliked them all, especially the man with the pitchfork. 4. "Do you know a hyphenated word of nine letters, ending in 'k' and signifying an implement employed in pursuit of agriculture?" "Pitchfork," said George. "But you may believe me, as one who knows, that agriculture is not the only thing it is used in pursuit of." 5. Every man should have a fixed pursuit of the business of his life, to which the principal part of his life should be devoted. 6. "You say your stay here will be but temporary. But where will you go when you leave London?" the stranger pursued. 7. Strictly speaking, that school, Worrel (one of the second-class public schools) is not very old, but it has turned out so many fellows ready to boast about it to all and sundry that has acquired, by verbal association, the antiquity of Eton. 8. He was one of those who had been robbed of acquiring knowledge through a university course. 9. Miss Matfield typed her letters with slightly less contempt and disgust than usual, and she had acquired an assistant, a second typist. 10. Dersingham did not think of Golspie as an Englishman; he contrived to think of him as a kind of foreigner who had acquired an extraordinary command of the English language. 11. "And look at the way she went and encouraged you at first," said Mrs. Pelumpton, "cheapening herself as anything — that ought to have told you what sort of a girl she is, but of course boys can never see that." 12. The city, too hot and airless in summer, too raw in winter, too wet in spring, and too smoky and foggy in autumn, assisted by long hours of artificial light, by hasty breakfasts and illusory lunches, by fuss all day and worry all night, had blanched the [200] whole man, had thinned his hair and turned it grey. 13. Finally he volunteered to go on to the stage to assist in a conjuring trick. 14. She and Dersingham, assisted by Mr. Pearson, who said that he was used
to clearing a table, did what they could to make the dinner come to a civilized end. 15. The new typist had been a great disappointment to Turgis, not because she was of no assistance to him in his work but because she was not the attractive young creature his heated fancy had conjured up to fill the post.

B. 1. Turgis did not try very hard to make himself superficially attractive to the sex that despises crumpled clothes, matted hair, pasty cheeks, youth that has lost all vividness and glow. 2. It was rather queer seeing Mr. Golspie again in the grey light of the winter morning. It was rather like seeing someone you had just met in a vivid dream. 3. Mr. Golspie had been constantly in her thoughts, hardly as a real person she knew, but rather as a particularly vivid and memorable character in a play she had seen. 4. Lena and her father had gone to Paris, leaving Turgis to imagine, with a vividness and force, a host of scenes in which Lena went smiling in the arms of rich and handsome Frenchmen and Americans. 5. Perhaps she could break it to him gently; calm him down, explain. But before she got to the door she was vividly picturing the scene he would make and had changed her mind. 6. As Toby came round the front of the car, someone came into view on the road, another figure vividly revealed in the beam of the lights. 7. "Most of the people I meet here these days seem to be living in a fool's paradise," said Mr. Golspie agressively. "Now, Mr. Golspie," cried his hostess with desperate vivacity, "you're not to call us all fools." 8. She made a joke of it — showing the last gleam of vivacity she would be able to show for months. 9. Her face, her voice, her manner, all pointed to the conclusion that Lilian nursed some huge, some overwhelming grievance against life, but though she gave tongue to a thousand little grievances every day, she never mentioned the monster. 10. "Better one suffer, than a nation grieve." (Dryden) 11. "I read a book last week," Edna announced. "Yes, and been to the pictures three times since then," said her father, who was determined to have his grievance. 12. Turgis, pleased by this statement, but still labouring under a grievance, could do nothing but mumble and mutter. 13. "I know how much you grieve over those who are under your care: those you try to help and fail, those you cannot help." 14. When the lunch was over he slipped quickly out of the dining-room and took temporary refuge in his own room. He could not face anyone at the moment. 15. The blackbird sang again, its song [201] sounding intolerably remote and strange in the silence. 16. Mr. Dersingham she neither liked nor disliked, she merely tolerated him. 17. "Seems to me you don't understand the seriousness of his business," Mr. Smeeth said. "That's all right, Dad," said George tolerantly. "Don't you worry. I can look after myself." 18. "Look, sweetie," said Noel. "As you know, I usually behave with angelic tolerance where you're concerned. You may even have got it into your head that old uncle Noel doesn't mind what you do." 19. The fact was, he wanted her advice but not her absolution. Not that the Abbess would be tolerant. 20. She was the eager, excited, imploring female, and he was the large, knowing, tolerant, protective male. 21. She realized that she had not been unaware of the charms of that hard adolescent body and fresh uncertain face. 22. The most painful part of childhood is the period you begin to emerge from it: adolescence. 23. Adolescents are over-conscious of their appearance and the impression they make on others.

16. Fill in the blanks with one of the following words: eye, v; stare v, n; gaze, v, n; glare v, n; glance v, n. Explain your choice:

1. Soames fixed his ... on Bosinney's tie, which was far from being in the perpendicular. 2. He saw at a... what had happened during his absence. 3. This masterpiece has been exhibited during centuries to the admiring ... of the multitude, and today we don't see it through our own eyes but through their eyes as well. 4. One... was enough to understand the situation. 5. Her ... rested on the muscular neck bronzed by the sun spilling over with rugged health and strength. 6. He turned one more corner and found himself ... at the immense panorama of the Thames. 7. After a brief ... he ignored the stranger or pretended to. 8. Both the blind eyes and the lighted eyes of the innumerable windows seemed to answer his ... and to tell him that he did not amount to very much, not here in London. Then his ... swept over the bridge to what could be seen beyond. 9. You would not have noticed him in a crowd, or, rather, you would have given him one... and then decided that that was enough. 10. As he said this, he tried to make Miss Matfield accept a friendly grin, but all that he got in return was a ... like a high wall with broken glass along the top. 11. She brought to bear upon this intruder the full force of her contemptuous.... On this objectionable man it had no effect at all. He ... hard at her, and then grinned broadly. 12. And then they were gone, leaving Mr. Smeeth and Turgis ... at each other in utter bewilderment. 13. "I don't care a damn what he said," cried Goath agres- [202] sively,... round at them all. "If I hate the feller, I do hate him, and that finishes it." 14. He moved slowly along, sometimes ... into the windows of shops that meant nothing to him. 15. When he found her at last, she was ... into the jeweller's window, entirely absorbed by the sparkle and glitter within. 16. ... at him, she was reminded of the heroes of old. 17. The child ... the stranger with suspicion and fear. 18. All the women sat up and... at him with adoration. 19. «Any more of that impudence from you," Mr. Smeeth shouted at her, ... . 20. If Cleopatra herself in full regalia had been standing there, Mr. Smeeth could not have ... at her in greater astonishment.

17. Translate the following sentences into English using the essential vocabulary.

1. Увлечение искусством — это не только способ заполнить свободное время; это — дверь в новый мир, мир ярких красок и высоких чувств. 2. Особенно впечатляющей в фильме была сцена погони. Правда, события развивались так быстро, что трудно было понять, кто за кем гонится. 3. «Погоня за счастьем — пустое дело, — сказал он. — Счастье — это свойство души; или оно есть у вас или нет». 4. Она была так гротескно накрашена, что люди смотрели на нее с удивлением, а одна старушка даже с гневом. 5. Наша школа, при поддержке семьи, выпускает каждый год толпы подростков, не готовых ни к чему, кроме погони за примитивными удовольствиями. 6. Она с грустью смотрела на эту знаменитую картину, обесцененную и вульгаризированную миллионами плохих репродукций на конфетных коробках и обертках. 7. «Мисс Грин обладает всеми знаниями и умениями,
необходимыми для хорошего секретаря». 8. Мистер Шелли разглядывал шкатулку с таким видом, будто никогда раньше не видел ничего подобного. Его лицо приняло странный зеленоватый оттенок. 9. Майкл с гневом смотрел на отца. «Где я провожу вечера, это мое дело, мне уже семнадцать, я взрослый. А ты только опошляешь все своими грязными подозрениями». 10. Когда в лавке было много покупателей, Элла помогала обслуживать их, но она еще не приобрела необходимых знаний и сноровки, чтобы делать это достаточно профессионально. 11. «Я совершенно ясно, живо помню лицо мисс Дин, когда она только начинала выступать на сцене. Это была актриса полная жизни, веселья и очарования. И такой ранний, такой горестный конец!» 12. «В связи с погодными условиями, все рейсы временно отменены». 13. У женщины, сентиментально восклицающей: «Ах, где [203] мои шестнадцать лет», наверное, очень плохая память. Отрочество — болезненный период в жизни подрастающего человека. Это — возраст, в котором человек — уже не ребенок и еще не
взрослый — нетерпим ко всем и к себе самому, обидчив и склонен надолго затаивать свои обиды. 14. Живость красок в его картинах отчасти маскировала погрешности рисунка. 15. Живость — естественное качество ребенка, нужно терпимо переносить шум и беготню и не раздражаться.

18. Use the following in brief situations. See to it that the situation enhances the meaning of the word or phrase from your essential vocabulary. May be done in pairs.

1. Where did she acquire such beautiful accent? 2. You needn't cheapen yourself in this way. 3. Did you actually assist in producing the film? 4. You shouldn't nurse grievances. 5. Adolescents are seldom tolerant. 6. It is a temporary arrangement. 7. Yes, she is a vivacious child. 8.1 refuse to pursue the subject. 9. You have a very vivid imagination. 10. What are the girl's acquirements?

19. Give the gist of Text Seven.

20. Compose dialogues.

Suggested situations: 1. Mr. Smeeth is talking with his son George about the latter's career. (For the attitudes, use the information provided by the text.) 2. Mrs. Smeeth is talking with Edna about her behaviour at home and outside. (Use the information provided by the text. Keep it in mind that Mrs. Smeeth is a more tolerant parent than her husband.) 3. George and Edna are discussing their par-ents. 4. Mr. and Mrs. Smeeth are discussing their children.

21. Reread Text Seven to discuss the following points of its style.

a) There are four characters in the extracts. What methods of characterization are used in the portrayal of each? Do a thorough analysis of all the portrait-sketches illustrating what you say with quotations from the text.

b) What is the dominant atmosphere of the narrative? By what lexical elements of the text is it created? (Give examples.)

c) What is the manner of the writer? Does he make use of numerous tropes (stylistic devices)? (Give examples.) What is the effect achieved by this? Is his style lucid or obscure?

d) How would you define the theme of the extract? Formulate it in one sentence. [204]

Практический курс английского языка 5 курс. /Под ред. Аракина В.Д.

М.: ВЛАДОС, 1999. С. 192 – 204

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