
Universal constant The number is basic concept of modern mathematics – R.Courant (1). The number unit possesses very necessary properties from the point of view of mathematics. Many mathematical transformations and proofs are carried out by means of this number. But this number has no name of a universal constant. That this number defines a biological life on a planet is surprising – the biology and the Bible speaks about it. Therefore it is necessary to make attempt to prove these unusual properties of number unit. Great mathematician D.Hilbert has expressed data of all physical constants in mathematical constants. Connection of numbers from various on concepts of number of sets by means of mathematical operations yields interesting results. The number unit as diameter of a circle gives the area of such circle equal to number 0,7854 (2). As value of function is number unites set of arguments in certain limits. Drawing 1 is available an illustration of it http://i718.photobucket.com/albums/ww184/pyramy/785.jpg . The length of an arch of a circle having a corner 45° at circle radius equal to unit is number 0,7854. Circular functions define very interesting sizes of argument for this value of function. Value of number of function Sin(ψ) gives a corner in limits from 51° to 52°. The instructions of limits will be correct record at work with numbers of various sets (it is specified above). As it is known from numerous measurements the angle of slope of sides of the Great Pyramid of Giza is in limits from 51° to 52°. Further it is possible to pass confidently to a socalled point Calvin (W.Thomson). The Corner formed by dispersing waves at movement of a point on a water table, argument ≈38° (3) of circular function Tang (ψ) which value will is 0,7854. Diameters of circles having values 2,5; 5,0; 10,0 ; define sizes of lengths of circles, multiple to number 0,7854. The individual circle and the entered correct heptagon, which tops are defined by the equation Z^7 – 1 = 0, where an equation root Z = cos ψ + iSin ψ. In this case (ψ) is in limits from 51° to 52°. In the mathematician there is a definition  form factor. The factor of the form for a circle is equal 0,0795 and only this parameter at flat figures can be the figure characteristic in mathematician. The axis of rotation of the Earth has an inclination to an orbit plane on a corner from 22° to 24°. The plane of a lunar orbit has an inclination on a corner from 5° to 6° to a plane of a terrestrial orbit (a plane ekliptika) (5). Movement of a terrestrial surface concerning a plane of movement of a pendulum of Foucault occurs with a speed from 11° to 12° at an o'clock. Procedure of multiplication and division in the mathematician of Ancient Egypt represents consecutive doubling. Having changed a direction of action of procedure and having executed consecutive division of number 0,7854 on 2 results turn out: 0,3927; 0,19635; 0,0982....... These numbers as values of function Sin (ψ) define sizes of corners from 23° to 24°; from 11° to 12°; from 5° to 6°. Coincidence to astronomical parametres which are resulted above turns out. At the heart of music there is a musical tone. For music the small amount of tones is used. To these tones there corresponds certain frequency. And in this case there is a number, multiple to number 0,7854. The sum of frequency of the note C1 (262) and notes C2 (523) (4), frequency in hertz, will be equal 785 that will be multiple to number 0,7854. It is necessary to notice that value of frequencies are approximated to the whole value, but it does not deny the fact of the approached coincidence. In combinations of the specified numbers of circular functions there are various mathematical properties: inversion, a proportion "Section divina". In the table : http://i718.photobucket.com/albums/ww184/pyramy/ssm11.jpg communication of many physical parametres is resulted. Dependence of kinetic energy (E) photoelectrons from frequency of a light wave (f) for metal with "exit work" (W) probably to represent by means of the schedule. It will be results of measurements. On the schedule dependence is displayed by a straight line. The inclination of this line concerning an axis defines Planck's constant (6). And this size is defined in the table  http://i718.photobucket.com/albums/ww184/pyramy/ssm11.jpg. The numerical sets consisting of numbers, multiple to numbers 3,142 х (1/2n)x [1/(2n + 1)] { for a table format : vertical + horizontal } have remarkable properties. Inversion (A 2 = B x C ) is such remarkable property. Inversion is carried out in geometry of Evklid. Inversion is carried out in geometry no of Evklid. Inversion provides harmony (parity) in numerical sets. The physical environment is displayed on numerical sets and then physics laws coincide with laws of numbers. Mathematical transformation of many laws of physics give as a result an inversion parity (A 2 = B x C). An example: The law Newton : F = G × M1 × M2 / R 2 ; Algebraic transformation R 2 = (G/ F) × M1 × M2 ; transformation R 2 = K × M1 × M2 ; transformation Sergey S. Molchanov Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. The literature list: 1. What is Mathematics? R.Courant and H.Robbins, NY Oxford University Press, 1941, p.24. 2. Hϋtte, volume 1, dr. R.Rote, 1933, p.2, p. 46, p.36. 3. Born by a whirlwind. G.V.Smirnov, Moscow, 1982, p.82. 4. Simple scale. G.E.Nilov, Moscow, 1980, p.4. 5. Who Built The Moon ? C.Knigt and A.Butler , (In Russian), Moscow, 2007, p. 14, p.47. 6. Fundamental physics, Jay Orear, Cornell University, NY, 1967, p. 375 . 