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1. /gaelic.docGÀidhlig

GÀIDHLIG


Welcome - Gaelic Course

http://www.geocities.com/dan_tender_blur/gaelwelcome.html




GÀIDHLIG 1

SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION 3

SPELLING 3

VOWELS 3

DIPHTHONGS 4

HELPING (EPENTHETIC) VOWELS 5

\'BROAD\' OR \'SLENDER\'? 5

CONSONANTS 5

PRONUNCIATION OF BROAD CONSONANTS 6

SLENDER CONSONANTS 7

PREASPIRATION 7

CLUSTERS RT AND RD 8

HIATUS 8

BROAD 9

SLENDER 9

Gaelic Greetings 10

LESSON ONE - GAELIC
(LEASAN A H-AON - GÀIDHLIG) 11


PRONOUNS 11

THE VERB \'THA\' (\'to be\') 11

VOCABULARY 12

EXERCISE 1 12

EXERCISE 2 13

INDEFINITE NOUNS 13

\'TO HAVE\' 14

PREPOSITIONAL PRONOUNS 14

EXERCISE 3 15

THE NEGATIVE FORM OF THE VERB \'THA\' 16

THE POSITIVE INTERROGATIVE FORM 16

THE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE FORM 16

HOW TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 17

LESSON TWO - GAELIC
(LEASAN A DHÀ - GÀIDHLIG) 18


EMPHATIC PRONOUNS 18

THE VERB \'IS\' (\'TO BE\') 18

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN \'THA\' AND \'IS\' 19

VOCABULARY 19

EXERCISE 1 19

THE NEGATIVE FORM OF THE PRESENT TENSE OF ‘IS’ 20

LENITION 21

POSITIVE INTERROGATIVE FORM 22

NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE FORM 22

HOW TO ANSWER THE ‘IS’ QUESTIONS 23

THE NUMBERS 1-10 23

LESSON THREE – GAELIC
(LEASAN A TRÌ - GÀIDHLIG) 24


GENDER 24

THE DEFINITE ARTICLE 25

EXERCISE ONE 25

THE POSSESSIVE 26

ADJECTIVES WITH NOUNS 27

ADJECTIVES THAT PRECEDE NOUNS 29

\'RO\' AND \'GLÈ\' 29

EXERCISE TWO 29

LESSON FOUR – GAELIC
(LEASAN A CEITHIR - GÀIDHLIG) 31


VERBAL-NOUNS 31

THE PRESENT TENSE 33

DÈ? 33

EXERCISE ONE 34

EXERCISE TWO 34

LIKES AND DISLIKES 34

LINKING SENTENCES 36

EXERCISE THREE 36

EXERCISE FOUR 37

ANSWERS 38

LESSON 1 38

LESSON 2 38

LESSON 3 39

LESSON 4 39

SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION

SPELLING


Gaelic, as a Celtic language, is said to be more regular at its spelling than English, even though the orthography looks complicated at first sight. However, others say Gaelic possesses one of the most daunting spelling and pronunciation system. By the time you have learned the rule of spelling and pronunciation, you will find that it is much more regular than the English one.


There are eighteen letters in the Gaelic alphabet: consonantal letters b, c, d, f, g, h, l, m, n, p, r, s and t; and vowel letters a, e, i, o and u. As you can see, there are no j, k, q, v, w, x, y or z. Despite having fewer letters, it has far more individual sounds than English.

VOWELS



Accent:


In Gaelic, short and long vowels are used. Long vowels are indicated by adding the grave (`) accent on them: à, è, ì, ò and ù.


a

like 'a' in 'hat'

à

like 'a' in 'father'

o

like 'o' in 'coat'; like 'o' in 'cot'; like 'u' in 'cut'

ò

like 'au' in 'caught'; like 'o' in 'owe'

u

like 'oo' in 'boot'

ù

like 'oo' in 'cool'

i

like 'ee' in 'feet'

ì

like 'ea' in 'mean'

e

like 'a' in 'late'; like 'e' in 'get'

è

like 'ay' in 'say'; like 'ai' in 'fair'



When the vowel i is added to any of these vowels above, the pronunciation is usually still intact:


a

ai (ea)

à

ài

o

oi (eo)

ò

òi (eò, eòi)

u

ui (iu, iui)

i

io

ì

ìo

e

ei

è

èi (ea)
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