* First-class passenger Molly Brown was put into the third lifeboat and she helped to get the boat away from the ship. Later, she saved a dying man, keeping him warm with her coat.
* An old woman, Mrs. Ida Straus, decided not to go into a lifeboat. She couldn't leave her husband. "We have lived together and we will die together," she said.
* One man put on women's clothes and tried to get into a lifeboat. The officer sent him away angrily.
* Third-class passenger Minnie Coutts didn't have enough lifebelts for her two sons. One of the crew gave his lifebelt to her. "There!" he said. "If the boat goes down, you'll remember me!"
By one o'clock, the danger was clear to everybody. Mow there was no problem filling up the boats and the officers had a different problem. They had to keep people away. Guns were given to the officers on the boat deck.
While the crew began to fill the lifeboats, radio operators Jack Phillips and Harold Bride began to send messages for help. Their message was CQD—"Come quick, danger."
At first Phillips and Bride weren't worried. They even made jokes as they worked.
"You'll see your first iceberg," said Phillips with a laugh.
"The Americans will enjoy it," answered Bride. "They all like to have ice in their drinks."
The first replies came from ships that were too far away. Then Phillips heard from the Carpathia. The ship was traveling from Mew York to the Mediterranean. The Carpathia's radio operator, Cyril Evans, couldn't hide his surprise. He immediately told Arthur Rostron, the captain of the Carpathia. Then he called the Titanic again. The Carpathia was turning around. It was coming to help. But there was a problem. The Carpathia was about ninety-three kilometers (58 miles) away. It could reach the Titanic in four hours. That was too long—the Titanic had less than two hours.
Now Phillips and Bride understood the danger. They continued to send messages, hoping to find a closer ship. The Titanic was becoming noisier and their job became harder and harder.
As they worked, Phillips and Bride started sending the new help message, SOS. The Titanic was the first ship that sent an SOS message. It was quicker and easier to send.
The two men bravely stayed in the room until it was almost the end. Their last message was sent at 2:17 A.M.. Outside on the deck, hope was growing. Captain Smith and Fourth Officer Boxhall could see the lights of a ship that was only 9.5—16 kilometers (6—10 miles) away. The crew tried to send a message to the ship with a light. Then, at 12:45 A.M., they began to send rockets high into the dark sky. They sent a rocket every five minutes. At first, the ship seemed to be coming closer. But then its lights disappeared. Hopes of help for the Titanic disappeared with them.
What was the ship that was so close? Why didn't it help?
* Some people think that it was the Californian. In fact, the crew of the Californian did see lights in the sky and the lights of a ship. But the ship seemed quite small to them. When they tried to send a message to it, there was no answer.
* Did the officers on the Titanic see a different ship? More and more people today think that it was a Norwegian fishing boat. Why didn't it help? Maybe it was breaking the law by being in the area.
''Well boys, do your best!"
After one o'clock on the morning of April 15, the Titanic's front end was sinking fast. The band still played and the lights were on. But everyone knew what was happening. And there were few lifeboats left.
* A fourteen- or fifteen-year-old boy tried to hide on a lifeboat. The ship's officer pointed a gun at him. "Be a man," he said. The boy left the lifeboat.
* When one lifeboat hit the water, its ropes were still joined to the ship. Before it could get away, another lifeboat began to come down on top of it. Luckily, a crewman cut the ropes with a knife in time.
Was it true?
Many people believe that the third-class passengers were kept away from the boat decks. It is true that many of these passengers lost their lives.
Some of the crew did try to help the third-class passengers to the boats. The job wasn't easy. Passengers had to go up the ship's many decks. Many of them didn't speak English. They didn't understand the danger. Some refused to follow the crew and stayed on their deck.
Some doors were locked by the crew. Nobody really knows why. Were they following orders? Were they just afraid? But women and children from third class were sent to the boat deck. The most crowded lifeboat left at 1:25 A.M. with seventy people in it. Most of them were women and children from third class. But the men were still kept away from the boat deck. When they reached it at last, it was too late. Almost all the lifeboats were gone.
By two o'clock, the water was just below the boat deck. When the crew were preparing the next lifeboat, a crowd tried to climb into it. Second Officer Lightoller stopped them by waving his gun. The crew made a wall with their bodies while women and children got into the boat.
Now only two small lifeboats were left. Each boat could hold forty-seven people. They were still tied to a roof on the deck.
While the crew tried to free these last boats Captain Smith shouted to them, "Well, boys, do your best for the women and children!" Then he told them to save themselves.
There were still more than 1,500 people on the ship. Many of them looked for ways to survive. Others prepared to die.
* First-class passenger Benjamin Guggenheim came on deck in his dinner suit. "We've dressed up in our best and are prepared to go down like gentlemen," he said.
* At around 2:10 A.M., Wallace Hartley told the musicians in his band to save themselves. All eight musicians chose to stay with Hartley, and they played a final song together.
Suddenly, the front of the ship moved more quickly down into the water. A big wave began to move up the boat deck. The end was here.
A Passenger's Story
I can't believe that the band is still playing!
-Milton. What have you done to this ship?
- This is serious, Jack. They're putting women and children into the lifeboats. Come this way.
THEN . ..
-There are too many people.
-Where are my parents? I can't see them!
-He's tying chairs together.
-Climb up here!
-This is it, Jack.
"It seemed a dream."
The deck was getting steeper and steeper. It was impossible to stand. There was a terrible crashing noise as furniture and plates fell. Many people were thrown into the water. Others jumped, hoping to swim to a lifeboat.
Radio operator Harold Bride was one of the men who were trying to free the last lifeboats. As the great wave came up the deck, one boat floated away on the water upside-down. More than twenty men climbed on top of it, but Bride was under the boat and he couldn't escape. For forty-five minutes, he held onto the boat in the freezing water.
In the great ship's final minutes, the lights went out. There was no moon that night, but some light came from the stars in the clear, dark sky. Suddenly, there was a new noise. This was the loudest of all and it could only mean one thing. The ship was breaking in two. People were still falling. Others chose to jump now. One passenger spoke of the last seconds as the ship sank:
"Slowly ... the water seemed to come up toward us ... It seemed a dream."
At 2:20 on the morning of April 15, the "Queen of the Ocean" was gone.
At first, the people in the lifeboats were most afraid for their own lives. One crewman shouted, "Pull for your lives." But they had to decide what to do. The Titanic was gone and hundreds of people were in the icy water of the North Atlantic. Some were holding onto furniture. Others were trying to swim. Many were screaming for help. To the people in the lifeboats, the noise seemed to fill the night.
A As the front part of the ship sank, the back came up out of the water. It climbed higher and higher.
В The ship broke in two. The front part sank.
D Then this part of the ship began to sink, too. Soon the back of the ship was high in the air. It didn't move for a few minutes. Then it began to sink, moving faster and into the dark water.
С The back part of the Titanic fell back. It sat flat in the water for a short time. Hope grew in some passengers. They probably thought, "It's going to float!"
In the Water
The people in the lifeboats listened to all those cries for help. Imagine the terrible discussions.
You sit in the lifeboat. The cold is terrible. But you know that it is much, much worse for the people in the black water. You can hear their screams in the dark.
"They can't stay alive in the freezing water," says a man in the boat. "It's too cold."
"Our friends and relatives are dying!" shouts a woman holding a small child. "My husband stayed on the ship. We have to go back and help."
The crewman shakes his head. "We can't. If we go back, too many people will try to get into the boat. Then, we'll all die."
"We have to save ourselves now!" agrees a man at the back of the boat. He is crying as he speaks.
You listen in silence. The screams are becoming quieter, as the people in the water become weaker and weaker. Soon it will be too late.
What do you think? What was the right thing to do?
In fact, only one of the lifeboats did go back. Fifth Officer Harold Lowe ordered a search for survivors, but it was too late. When they arrived most people were dead. Only twelve people were pulled from the water.
One of the people in the water that night was young Jack Thayer.
A Passenger's Story
I can't believe it. The ship is breaking in two!
- Milton! Where are you?
BUT JACK NEVER SAW MILTON LONG AGAIN.
MOST OF THE MEN ON THE BOAT WERE FROM THE SHIP'S CREW.
- Here, boy.
- Help me!
- Where were you?
- I was undei the boat.
- You can't come on. One more will sink us.
- That's all right, boys. Good luck to you.
SOON THE OCEAN WAS SILENT AND EMPTY.
Dead. They're all dead.
- My name's Harold Bride. I'm a radio operator. The Carpathia is coming to help.
- I hope she arrives soon.
- What's that? Over there!
- It's a star.
- No, it's a light!
- It's the Carpathia, Jack. She's here!
The Carpathio arrives
When he received the Titanic's SOS message in the night, Captain Rostron of the Carpathia ordered his ship to go as fast as possible. There was a lot of ice in the area. But Rostron was a good captain. The Carpathia saw a rocket from one of the lifeboats at 4 A.M.—less than two hours after the Titanic sank.
It wasn't easy to find all of the survivors. The lifeboats covered a 6.5 kilometer (4-mile) area. It took Rostron and his crew four hours to pick up everybody. People in the boats waved and shouted. Some burned letters and papers so the Carpathia could see them.
Captain Rostron ordered his crew to count the survivors. They counted 705. Later, people guessed 711 or even 757 survivors. That meant that more than 1,500 of the Titanic's passengers and crew died.
|Field Day here in Southern California went off like clock work and here is a quick rundown on who was here||Документы|
1. /Verilog HDL Quick Reference Guide. 2001.pdf
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Запятая, помещённая слева от десятичной точки, печатает запятую перед каждой третьей цифрой
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