The Byzantine Fathers
Of the Sixth to Eighth Century.
In Memoriam Fr. Georges Florovsky 1893-1979.
Author’s Preface (1978). Chapter One.
Hymnographers, Polemicists, and Florilegia. Hymnographers.
Hymnody and the Early Christian Liturgy.
The Fifty-Ninth Canon of the Council of Laodicea.
St. Basil the Great and Antiphonal Singing.
The Development of Psalmody with Refrains.
St. Andrew of Crete.
The Acathistus Hymn. Polemicists of the Sixth and Seventh Centuries.
St. Sophronius of Jerusalem.
St. Anastasius of Sinai. Florilegia. Chapter Two.
The Spirit of Monophysitism.
The Chalcedonian Oros and the Tragic Schism in the Church.
The Language of St. Cyril and Monophysitism.
The National and Regional Element
in the Rise of Monophysitism.
The Lack of a Feeling for Human Freedom in Monophysite Theology.
The Similarity Between Monophysitism and Augustinianism.
Julian of Halicarnassus.
The Inner Duality in the Monophysite Movement.
The Theological Controversy and the Emphasis on the Appeal to Tradition.
Justinian and the Mood of the Time.
The Condemnation of Origenism as the Condemnation of the
Inner Temptations of Alexandrian Theology. Chapter Three.
Sketches in the History of Monophysitism. The Mood at Chalcedon. The Tome of Pope Leo.
The Literary Style of the Tome.
The Weakness of the Tome: The Latin Theological Tradition
and Greek Theological Categories of Thought.
The Lack of a Definition of Person.
A Lucid Confession of Faith in a Radiant Fog. The Chalcedonian Oros.
A Stumbling Block and a Temptation for the Egyptians.
The Text of the Chalcedonian Oros.
The Formula of Reunion of 433 and the Chalcedonian Oros.
The Cutting Edge of the Chalcedonian Oros.
The Paradoxical Unspokenness in the Chalcedonian Oros.
The Fathers of Chalcedon and Their Two-Sided Problem.
The Disturbing Vagueness to the Easterners.
The Necessity for a Theological Commentary. The Reaction to the Council of Chalcedon.
The Reaction in Alexandria.
The Opponents to the Council of Chalcedon
as “Dissidents” not “Heretics” and their Political Loyalty.
The Alexandrians and Proterius.
The Reaction in Jerusalem: Juvenal and Theodosius.
The Special Situation of Palestine.
The Reaction of Rome.
The Reaction in Antioch.
Peter the Fuller’s Arrival in Antioch and
the Alteration of the Trisagion Hymn.
The Death of Emperor Marcian and the Return to Alexandria of the Exiled Opponents to the Council of Chalcedon.
The Monophysite Election of Timothy Aelurus
as Patriarch of Alexandria and the Murder of Proterius.
The Coronation of Emperor Leo I and Policy in Alexandria.
The Exile of Timothy Aelurus and the Election of
Timothy Salafaciolus as Patriarch of Alexandria.
The Deposition of Peter the Fuller in Antioch, the Return of Patriarch Martyrius, and Splits within Monophysitism.
The Influence of the Germanic Tribes on the Latin West and on Byzantium.
The Defeat of Attila and the Increase of Germanic Influence.
Emperor Leo I and the Termination of the Influence of Aspar the Ostrogoth.
Emperor Zeno and Isaurian Influence. The Loss of the Chalcedonian West to Theodoric
and Emperor Basiliscus’ Attempt to Reach a Compromise
With the Non-Chalcedonians.
The Encyclical of Basiliscus 476.
The Refusal of Patriarch Acacius to Sign the Encyclical.
Timothy Aelurus’ Rejection of Extreme Monophysitism.
Timothy Aelurus’ Council of Ephesus.
Patriarch Acacius and St. Daniel the Stylite.
The Return of Emperor Zeno and the Murder of Basiliscus.
The Death of Timothy Aelurus and the Election of Peter Mongus.
A Time of Trouble in Antioch.
The Appointment of Calendio as Patriarch of Antioch.
Political and Ecclesiastical Intrigues.
John Talaia and Peter Mongus.
The Henotikon of Zeno 482.
Pope St. Felix III.
The Exile of Calendio and the Return of Peter Mongus. The Confession of Faith of the Church in Persia. The Schools of Edessa and Nisibis.
The Emergence of New Personalities:
Philoxenus and Severus. The Death of Patriarch Acacius and the Situation Inherited by his Successors, Fravitta and Euphemius.
Peter Mongus and Fravitta.
The Death of Emperor Zeno and
the Selection of Emperor Anastasius.
The Death of Pope Felix III and
the Papacy Under Pope Gelasius.
The Death of Pope Gelasius and the Papacy Under Anastasius II. The Papal Schism: Symmachus and Laurentius. Patriarch Flavian of Antioch
and the Struggle with Philoxenus.
Patriarch Macedonius of Constantinople and his
Encounter with Philoxenus and Emperor Anastasius.
Philoxenus’ Continued Struggle in Antioch.
Severus of Antioch.
The Revolt of Vitalian the Goth. Negotiations Between Pope Hormisdas
and Emperor Anastasius.
The Accession to the Throne of Justin I and Justinian I.
The Chalcedonian Reaction in Constantinople.
The Chalcedonian Reaction in Antioch.
Justinian’s Negotiations with Pope Hormisdas. The Imperial Edict Compelling Acceptance
of Chalcedon and the Arrest Order for Severus.
John of Tella.
Persecution of non-Chalcedonians in Edessa.
Severus’ Activity in Exile.
The Controversy Between Severus
and Julian of Halicarnassus. The Imperial Edict Against Arians
and the Reaction of Theodoric.
Theodora’s Monastery of Refuge
for Exiled Monophysites.
Monophysite Missionary Activity
from Theodora’s Monastery.
The Relaxation of Justinian’s Policy and the Nika Riots. Justinian’s Request for a Theological Conference
and the Petition of the Monophysites.
Theodoras Influence: Severus Visits Constantinople.
Theodoras Influence: Anthimus of Trebizond
Becomes Patriarch of Constantinople.
Pope Agapetus Visits Constantinople
on Request of Theodahad, the Gothic King.
Pope Agapetus Consecrates Patriarch
Menas in Constantinople. The Decisions of Justinian’s
Standing Council of Bishops In 536.
Theodora’s Agreement with the Roman Deacon Vigilius.
The Prospect of Monophysitism
after its Defeat at the Conference of 536. Justinian’s Contra Monophysitas
and his Interest in Theology.
The Military Attacks by the Bulgars and the
Persians and the Outbreak of the Plague.
John of Ephesus.
Missionary Work in Nubia. Justinian and the Fifth Ecumenical Council.
Pope Vigilius Forcibly Taken to Constantinople.
The Fifth Ecumenical Council.
The Anathemas of the Fifth Ecumenical Council.
Anathemas Against Origen and Origenism.
Pope Vigilius and the Fifth Ecumenical Council. The Deposing of Pope Vigilius by the Fifth Ecumenical Council.
The Earlier Years of Pope Pelagius and His Ultimate
Recognition of the Fifth Ecumenical Council.
The Result of the Fifth Ecumenical Council and a Glimpse at Its Sessions.
The Firm Resistance to Justinian’s Stunning Edict
of 564 Proclaiming Aphthartodocetism Orthodox.
The Twilight of Justinian’s Reign.
The Actions of the Exiled Monophysite
“Patriarch” Theodosius in His Last Days.
Justin II’s Convocation of the Monophysite Conference of 566.
The Monophysite Conference at Callinicum.
The Imperial Summons for Another Conference
Among the Monophysites at Constantinople.
The Varieties of Monophysite Thought.
The Reign of Terror Unleashed by Patriarch John
Scholasticus Against the Monophysites of Constantinople in 571.
The Death of Patriarch John and
the Recall of the Exiled Patriarch Eutychius.
Internal Dissenion Among the Monophysites:
Problems Caused by the Reconciliation of Paul the Black with Jacob.
The Election of Two Monophysite Patriarchs of
Alexandria: Theodore of Rhamnis and Peter.
The Death of Jacob Baradaeus.
Damianus of Alexandria and the Conference on unity
Among the Monophysites Requested by Almoundir.
The Theological Quarrel Between Damianus
of Alexandria and Peter Callinicum of Antioch.
The Monophysite Conference at the
Gubba Barraya Monastery.
Pope Gregory I and the Chalcedonian Patriarch of Alexandria Eulogius.
The Election of the Monk Athanasius as Patriarch of Antioch.
Maurice Accuses Al-Moundir of Treason and the Consequent Splitting of the Ghassanid Kingdom.
The Policy of Emperor Maurice (582-602):
Persecution of the Monophysites in Constantinople.
Emperor Maurices Extension of Imperial
Rule in Armenia and the Ecclesiastical Result.
The Persecution of Monophysites in Melitene and
Mesopotamia Unleashed by Domitian, Bishop of Melitene.
Emperor Maurice and Chosroes II of Persia.
The Bloody Reign of Emperor Phocas (602-610).
The Edict of Emperor Phocas to Pope Boniface III.
The Advance of the Persian Army
and the Religious Policy of Chosroes II.
The Accession of Emperor Heraclius (610-641). Patriarch Segius and the Beginning of Monothelitism. The Role of Pope Honorius in the Rise of Monothelitism. The Islamic Conquests. Chapter Four.
Leontius of Byzantium. Life.
The Controversial Corpus of “Leontius.” The Theological Thought in the Corpus of “Leontius.”
The Quest for Precise Definitions.
The Concepts of Nature, Essence, and Hypostasis.
The Reality of Enhypostasis.
The Mystery of the Incarnation and Union
as a Presupposition of the Existence of Duality.
Hypostasis and the Communicatio Idiomatum.
Leontius’ Criticism of St. Cyril’s Formula.
Leontius’ Dispute with the Aphthartodocetists. Chapter Five.
The Spirit of Monenergism and Monothelitism. Chapter Six.
St. Maximus the Confessor.
The Life of St. Maximus. The Writings of St. Maximus. The Theology of St. Maximus.
Revelation as the Central Theme in the Theology of St. Maximus the Confessor.
New Development of the Logos Doctrine and the
Doctrine of the Knowledge of God.
Man’s Path. The Sixth Ecumenical Council. Chapter Seven.
St. John of Damascus.
The Life of St. John of Damascus.
The Writings of st. John of Damascus. The Theological System of St. John of Damascus. The Defense of the Holy Ikons. The Seventh Ecumenical Council 787.
The Definition of Faith.
The Council’s Letter to Irene and Constantine VI. The Iconoclastic Controversy.