Learn. Study these compound nouns formed from phrasal verbs icon

Learn. Study these compound nouns formed from phrasal verbs



НазваниеLearn. Study these compound nouns formed from phrasal verbs
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    1. Learn. Study these compound nouns formed from phrasal verbs:




  • backlash = a strong negative reaction by a number of people against recent events, especially against political or social developments

  • backup = a copy of a computer document, program etc, which is made in case the original becomes lost or damaged

  • breakdown = the failure of a relationship or system

  • breakthrough = new, amazing discovery

  • breakup = the act of ending a marriage or relationship

  • checkup = a general medical examination that a doctor or dentist gives you to make sure you are healthy

  • comeback = if a person, activity, style etc makes a comeback, they become popular again after being unpopular for a long time

  • downfall = complete loss of your money, moral standards, social position etc, or the sudden failure of an organization or smth that causes this

  • download = information copied from the Internet on the computer

  • downpour = a lot of rain that falls in a short time

  • drawback = disadvantage

  • hold-up = 1) act of making someone late.
    2) robbery

  • knockdown = when a boxer falls down when he is hit

  • lookout = to continuously watch a place or pay attention in order to find something you want or to be ready for problems or opportunities

  • makeup = coloured substances that are put on your face to improve or change your appearance

  • offshoot = something such as an organization which has developed from a larger or earlier one

  • outbreak = sudden growth in amount (illnesses, crimes etc)

  • outburst = something you say suddenly that expresses a strong emotion, especially anger

  • outcome = the final result of a meeting, discussion, war etc - used especially when no one knows what it will be until it actually happens

  • outfit = 1) a set of clothes worn together, especially for a special occasion, 2) (informal) a group of people who work together as a team or organization, 3) a set of equipment that you need for a particular purpose or job

  • outlook = 1) attitude, 2) weather forecast

  • output = 1) the amount of goods or work produced by a person, machine, factory etc, 2) the information produced by a computer

  • setback = obstacle, difficulty

  • set-up\setup = 1) the way that something is organized or arranged, 2) the traditional classroom set-up, 3) the act of organizing something, such as a business or a computer system, 4) several pieces of equipment that work together in a system

  • shakeup = a process by which an organization makes a lot of big changes in a short time to improve its effectiveness

  • showdown = competition between two people or two things

  • slip-up = careless mistake

  • spin-off = 1) a television programme involving characters that were previously in another programme or film, 2) a separate and partly independent company that is formed from parts of an existing company, or the action of forming a company in this way, 3) an unexpected but useful result of something, that happens in addition to the intended result

  • takeout = food you take from a restaurant away with you

  • takeover = an act of getting control of a country or political organization, using force

  • upkeep = the process of keeping something in good condition

  • upshot (of something) = the final result of a situation

  • upturn = an increase in the level of something, especially in business activity

  • write-off = an object (usually a vehicle) that has been so badly damaged that it can never be used again

  • backlash = a strong negative reaction by a number of people against recent events, especially against political or social developments

  • backup = a copy of a computer document, program etc, which is made in case the original becomes lost or damaged

  • breakdown = the failure of a relationship or system

  • breakthrough = new, amazing discovery

  • breakup = the act of ending a marriage or relationship

  • checkup = a general medical examination that a doctor or dentist gives you to make sure you are healthy

  • comeback = if a person, activity, style etc makes a comeback, they become popular again after being unpopular for a long time

  • download = information copied from the Internet on the computer

  • downpour = a lot of rain that falls in a short time

  • drawback = disadvantage

  • hold-up = 1) act of making someone late. 2) robbery

  • knockdown = when a boxer falls down when he is hit

  • lookout = to continuously watch a place or pay attention in order to find something you want or to be ready for problems or opportunities

  • makeup = coloured substances that are put on your face to improve or change your appearance

  • offshoot = something such as an organization which has developed from a larger or earlier one

  • outbreak = sudden growth in amount (illnesses, crimes etc)

  • outburst = something you say suddenly that expresses a strong emotion, especially anger

  • outcome = the final result of a meeting, discussion, war etc - used especially when no one knows what it will be until it actually happens

  • outlook = 1) attitude, 2) weather forecast

  • output = 1) the amount of goods or work produced by a person, machine, factory etc, 2) the information produced by a computer

  • setback = obstacle, difficulty

  • shakeup = a process by which an organization makes a lot of big changes in a short time to improve its effectiveness

  • showdown = competition between two people or two things

  • slip-up = careless mistake

  • spin-off = 1) a television programme involving characters that were previously in another programme or film, 2) a separate and partly independent company that is formed from parts of an existing company, or the action of forming a company in this way, 3) an unexpected but useful result of something, that happens in addition to the intended result

  • takeout = food you take from a restaurant away with you

  • upkeep = the process of keeping something in good condition

  • upshot (of something) = the final result of a situation

  • upturn = an increase in the level of something, especially in business activity

  • write-off = an object (usually a vehicle) that has been so badly damaged that it can never be used again

1.2. Test. Print this page out, cut the cards, then use your memory to remember the words whose definitions are on the cards, and write the definitions on the back of the cards:


the failure of a relationship or system

an object (usually a vehicle) that has been so badly damaged that it can never be used again

a strong negative reaction by a number of people against recent events, especially against political or social developments

the final result of a situation

a copy of a computer document, program etc, which is made in case the original becomes lost or damaged

the amount of goods or work produced by a person, machine, factory etc.

a process by which an organization makes a lot of big changes in a short time to improve its effectiveness

an unexpected but useful result of something, that happens in addition to the intended result

weather forecast

new, amazing discovery

careless mistake

disadvantage

coloured substances that are put on your face to improve or change your appearance

the final result of a meeting, discussion, war etc - used especially when no one knows what it will be until it actually happens

1) act of making someone late. 2) robbery

food you take from the process of keeping something in good condition a restaurant away with you

when a boxer falls down when he is hit

an increase in the level of something, especially in business activity

a general medical examination that a doctor or dentist gives you to make sure you are healthy

sudden growth in amount (illnesses, crimes etc)

a lot of rain that falls in a short time

to continuously watch a place or pay attention in order to find something you want or to be ready for problems or opportunities

the act of ending a marriage or relationship

something you say suddenly that expresses a strong emotion, especially anger

information copied from the Internet on the computer

competition between two people or two things

become popular again after being unpopular for a long time

obstacle, difficulty






1.3. Test. Complete the sentences with a compound noun starting with the word given. Use the definitions to help you:


out

1) the final result of an election, or negotiations, when no one knows what to expect

We are all waiting for the of the meeting.

2) a set of clothes worn together

She bought a new for the wedding.

3) what is expected to happen in the future

The for tomorrow’s weather is bleak, I’m afraid.

4) a shop or company through which products are sold

The Body Shop has retail in major cities throughout the world.


take

5) a meal you buy in a restaurant to eat at home

Shall we eat or get a ?

6) getting control of a company by buying most of its shares

Business sections of newspapers are full of company mergers and .


down

7) failure or ruin following success

She had a great career, but after she fell ill it was her .

8) a lot of rain that falls fast and heavily

I got soaked in yesterday’s .

9) information obtained from the Internet, usually free

For free , click here.


break


10) new and successful development

There have been great in organ transplants in the last 20 years.

11) a serious mental illness

After his mother died, Paul suffered a complete nervous .


Use “up” at the end of there for words.

12) ending a marriage

Sarah was very depressed after the of her marriage to Tony.

13) something used for support if the main one fails

At the end of a day’s writing, I make a copy of my work on disk as a .

14) a situation in which a lot of changes are made

There’s been a big at work. They’ve fired six managers and introduced new working practices.

15) a way of organizing or arranging something

I don’t understand the political in the States. Their elections seem to last for years.


Answers:

1) outcome

5) takeout (BrE)\takeaway (AmE)

7) downfall

10) breakthroughs

12) breakup

2) outfit

8) downpour

13) backup

14) shakeup

3) outlook

6) takeovers

9) download

11) breakdown

15) setup

4) outlet

^ 2.1. Learn. Study these compound words related to weather:


Weather: sun: nouns.

  • sun cream (also “sunblock”, “sunscreen” and “suntan lotion”) = a cream or oil that you rub into your skin to stop the sun from burning you too much

  • sun hat = a hat that you wear to protect your head from sun lounge BrE\sun porch AmE = a room with large windows and often a glass roof, designed to let in a lot of light

  • sun lounger = a light chair like a folding bed, which you can sit or lie on outside

  • runrise (also “sun-up”, which is old-fashionned)

  • sunset (also “sundown”, which is old-fashiooned) = the time of day when the sun disappears and night begins

  • sunbeam = a beam of light from the sun

  • sunbed = a metal structure the size of a bed that you lie on to make your skin brown using light from special lamps

  • sunburn = red and painful skin that you can get from spending too much time in the sun

  • sundeck = a part of a ship where people can sit in the sun

  • sundries (formal) = small objects that are not important enough to be named separately

  • sunflower = a very tall plant with a large yellow flower and seeds that can be eaten

  • sunglasses = dark glasses that you wear to protect your eyes when the sun is very bright

  • sunlamp = a lamp that produces a special light used for making your skin brown

  • sunlight = natural light that comes from the sun

  • sunroof = a part of the roof of a car that you can open to let in air and light

  • sunshade = an object shaped like an umbrella used as protection from the sun

  • sunshine = the light and heat that come from the sun when there is no cloud

  • sunstroke = fever, weakness etc caused by being outside in the sun for too long

  • suntan = brown skin that someone with pale skin gets after they have spent time in the sun

  • suntrap = a place that is sheltered and gets a lot of heat and light from the sun

Weather: sun: adjectives.

  • sun-baked = made very hard and dry by the sun

  • sunburned = having a red and painful skin as a result of spending too much time in the sun

  • sun-drenched (place) = the place where the sun shines most of the time - used especially in advertisements, magazines etc

  • sun-dried = has been left in the sun to dry in order to give it a particular taste (usually about food)

  • sun-kissed = sunny

  • sunless = having no light from the sun

  • sun-worshipper (informal) = someone who likes to lie in the sun to go brown

Weather: rain: nouns.

  • rain check (AmE) = ticket for an outdoor event, such as a sports game, that you can use again if it rains and the action stops

  • rain drop = a single drop of rain

  • rainforest = a tropical forest with tall trees that are very close together, growing in an area where it rains a lot
    rain gauge = an instrument that is used for measuring the amount of rain that falls somewhere 
    rainbow = a large curve of different colours that can appear in the sky when there is both sun and rain 
    raincoat = a coat that you wear to protect yourself from rain

  • rainfall = the amount of rain that falls on an area in a particular period of time 

Weather: rain: adjective.

  • rainproof = able to keep rain out

Weather: rain: expression.

  • take a rain check on smth (informal, AmE) = used to say that you will do smth in the future but not now

Weather: wind: nouns

  • wind breaker = a type of coat that protects you from the wind

  • wind farm = a place where a lot of windmills have been built in order to produce electricity

  • wind instrument = a musical instrument made of wood or metal that you play by blowing, such as a flute, or one that air is passed through, such as an organ
    wind tunnel = a large enclosed passage where engineers test aircraft etc by forcing air past them

  • wind turbine = a modern windmill for providing electrical power 
    wind-surfing = the sport of sailing across water by standing on a surfboard and holding on to a large sail attached to the surfboard

  • wind-up (informal) = 1) smth that you say or do in order to make someone angry or worried, as a joke, 2) a series of actions that are intended to complete a process, meeting etc

  • windbag ( informal, AmE) = someone who talks too much

  • windbreak = fence, line of trees, or wall that is intended to protect a place from the wind 

  • windfall = 1) an amount of money that you get unexpectedly, 2) a piece of fruit that has fallen off a tree (windfall tax = an additional amount of tax that the British government sometimes takes from a company that has suddenly earned a large amount of money that it did not expect to earn)

  • windpipe = the tube through which air passes from your mouth to your lungs

  • windscreen (BrE) = the large window at the front of a car, bus etc

  • windsock = a tube of material fastened to a pole at airports to show the direction of the wind

Weather: wind: adjective

  • wind-up = relating to a machine or toy that you turn part of several times, in order to make it move or start working




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