Memoirs of louis XIV and his court and of the regency icon

Memoirs of louis XIV and his court and of the regency

НазваниеMemoirs of louis XIV and his court and of the regency
Дата конвертации10.08.2012
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Birth and Family.--Early Life.--Desire to join the Army.--Enter the

Musketeers.--The Campaign Commences.--Camp of Gevries.--Siege of Namur.

--Dreadful Weather.--Gentlemen Carrying Corn.--Sufferings during the

Siege.--The Monks of Marlaigne.--Rival Couriers.--Naval Battle.--

Playing with Fire-arms.--A Prediction Verified.


The King's Natural Children.--Proposed Marriage of the Duc de Chartres.--

Influence of Dubois.--The Duke and the King.--An Apartment.--Announcement

of the Marriage.--Anger of Madame.--Household of the Duchess.--Villars

and Rochefort.--Friend of King's Mistresses.--The Marriage Ceremony.--

Toilette of the Duchess.--Son of Montbron.--Marriage of M. du Maine.--

Duchess of Hanover.--Duc de Choiseul.--La Grande Mademoiselle.


Death of My Father.--Anecdotes of Louis XIII.--The Cardinal de

Richelieu.--The Duc de Bellegarde.--Madame de Hautefort.--My Father's

Enemy.--His Services and Reward.--A Duel against Law.--An Answer to a

Libel.--M. de la Rochefoucauld.--My Father's Gratitude to Louis XIII.


Position of the Prince of Orange.--Strange Conduct of the King.--Surprise

and Indignation.--Battle of Neerwinden.--My Return to Paris.--Death of La

Vauguyon.--Symptoms of Madness.--Vauguyon at the Bastille.--Projects of

Marriage.--M. de Beauvilliers.--A Negotiation for a Wife.--My Failure.--

Visit to La Trappe.


M. de Luxemhourg's Claim of Precedence.--Origin of the Claim.--Duc de

Piney.--Character of Harlay.--Progress of the Trial.--Luxembourg and

Richelieu.--Double-dealing of Harlay.--The Duc de Gesvres.--Return to the

Seat of War.--Divers Operations.--Origin of These Memoirs.


Quarrels of the Princesses.--Mademoiselle Choin.--A Disgraceful Affair.--

M. de Noyon.--Comic Scene at the Academie.--Anger and Forgiveness of

M. de Noyon.--M. de Noailles in Disgrace.--How He Gets into Favour Again.

--M. de Vendome in Command.--Character of M. de Luxembourg.-- The Trial

for Precedence Again.--An Insolent Lawyer.--Extraordinary Decree.


Harlay and the Dutch.--Death of the Princess of Orange.--Count

Koenigsmarck.--A New Proposal of Marriage.--My Marriage.--That of M. de

Lauzun.--Its Result.--La Fontaine and Mignard.--Illness of the Marechal

de Lorges.--Operations on the Rhine.
--Village of Seckenheim.--An Episode

of War.--Cowardice of M. du Maine.--Despair of the King, Who Takes a

Knave in the Act.--Bon Mot of M. d'Elboeuf.


The Abbe de Fenelon.--The Jansenists and St. Sulpice.--Alliance with

Madame Guyon.--Preceptor of the Royal Children.--Acquaintance with Madame

de Maintenon.--Appointment to Cambrai.--Disclosure of Madame Guyon's

Doctrines.--Her Disgrace.--Bossuet and Fenelon.--Two Rival Books.--

Disgrace of Fenelon.



Death of Archbishop Harlay.--Scene at Conflans.--"The Good Langres."--

A Scene at Marly.--Princesses Smoke Pipes!--Fortunes of Cavoye.--

Mademoiselle de Coetlogon.--Madame de Guise.--Madame de Miramion.--Madame

de Sevigne.--Father Seraphin.--An Angry Bishop.--Death of La Bruyere.--

Burglary by a Duke.--Proposed Marriage of the Duc de Bourgogne.--The

Duchesse de Lude.--A Dangerous Lady.--Madame d'O.--Arrival of the

Duchesse de Bourgogne.


My Return to Fontainebleau.--A Calumny at Court.--Portrait of M. de La

Trappe.--A False Painter.--Fast Living at the "Desert."--Comte

d'Auvergne.--Perfidy of Harlay.--M. de Monaco.--Madame Panache.--The

Italian Actor and the "False Prude".


A Scientific Retreat.--The Peace of Ryswick.--Prince of Conti King of

Poland.--His Voyage and Reception.--King of England Acknowledged.--Duc de

Conde in Burgundy.--Strange Death of Santeuil.--Duties of the Prince of

Darmstadt in Spain.--Madame de Maintenon's Brother.--Extravagant Dresses.

Marriage of the Duc de Bourgogne.--The Bedding of the Princesse.--Grand

Balls.--A Scandalous Bird.


An Odd Marriage.--Black Daughter of the King.--Travels of Peter the

Great.--Magnificent English Ambassador.--The Prince of Parma.--

A Dissolute Abbe.--Orondat.--Dispute about Mourning.--M. de Cambrai's

Book Condemned by M. de La Trappe.--Anecdote of the Head of Madame de

Montbazon.--Condemnation of Fenelon by the Pope.--His Submission.


Charnace.--An Odd Ejectment.--A Squabble at Cards.--Birth of My Son.--

The Camp at Compiegne.--Splendour of Marechal Boufflers.--Pique of the

Ambassadors.--Tesse's Grey Hat.--A Sham Siege.--A Singular Scene.--

The King and Madame de Maintenon.--An Astonished Officer.--

Breaking-up of the Camp.


Gervaise Monk of La Trappe.----His Disgusting Profligacy.--The Author of

the Lord's Prayer.--A Struggle for Precedence.--Madame de Saint-Simon.--

The End of the Quarrel.--Death of the Chevalier de Coislin.--A Ludicrous

Incident.--Death of Racine.--The King and the Poet.--King Pays Debts of

Courtiers.--Impudence of M. de Vendome.--A Mysterious Murder.--

Extraordinary Theft.


The Farrier of Salon.--Apparition of a Queen.--The Farrier Comes to

Versailles.--Revelations to the Queen.--Supposed Explanation.--

New Distinctions to the Bastards.--New Statue of the King.--

Disappointment of Harlay.--Honesty of Chamillart.--The Comtesse de

Fiesque.--Daughter of Jacquier.--Impudence of Saumery.--Amusing Scene.--

Attempted Murder.


Reform at Court.--Cardinal Delfini.--Pride of M. de Monaco.--Early Life

of Madame de Maintenon.--Madame de Navailles.--Balls at Marly.--An Odd

Mask.--Great Dancing--Fortunes of Langlee.--His Coarseness.--The Abbe de

Soubise.--Intrigues for His Promotion.--Disgrace and Obstinacy of

Cardinal de Bouillon.


A Marriage Bargain.--Mademoiselle de Mailly.--James II.--Begging

Champagne.--A Duel.--Death of Le Notre.--His Character.--History of

Vassor.--Comtesse de Verrue and Her Romance with M. de Savoie.--A Race of

Dwarfs.--An Indecorous Incident.--Death of M. de La Trappe.



Settlement of the Spanish Succession.--King William III.--New Party in

Spain.--Their Attack on the Queen.--Perplexity of the King.--His Will.--

Scene at the Palace.--News Sent to France.--Council at Madame de

Maintenon's.--The King's Decision.--A Public Declaration.--Treatment of

the New King.--His Departure for Spain.--Reflections.--Philip V. Arrives

in Spain.--The Queen Dowager Banished.


Marriage of Phillip V.--The Queen's Journey.--Rival Dishes.--

A Delicate Quarrel.--The King's journey to Italy.--The Intrigues against

Catinat.--Vaudemont s Success.--Appointment of Villeroy.--The First

Campaign.--A Snuffbox.--Prince Eugene's Plan.--Attack and Defence of

Cremona.--Villeroy Made Prisoner.--Appointment of M. de Vendome.


Discontent and Death of Barbezieux.--His Character.--Elevation of

Chamillart.--Strange Reasons of His Success.--Death of Rose.--Anecdotes.

--An Invasion of Foxes.--M. le Prince.--A Horse upon Roses.--Marriage of

His Daughter: His Manners and Appearance


Monseigneur's Indigestion.--The King Disturbed.--The Ladies of the

Halle.--Quarrel of the King and His Brother.--Mutual Reproaches.--

Monsieur's Confessors.--A New Scene of Wrangling.--Monsieur at Table.--

He Is Seized with Apoplexy.--The News Carried to Marly.--How Received by

the King.--Death of Monsieur.--Various Forms of Grief.--The Duc de



The Dead Soon Forgotten.--Feelings of Madame de Maintenon.--And of the

Duc de Chartres.--Of the Courtiers.--Madame's Mode of Life.--Character of

Monsieur.--Anecdote of M. le Prince.--Strange Interview of Madame de

Maintenon with Madame.--Mourning at Court.--Death of Henriette

d'Angleterre.--A Poisoning Scene.--The King and the Accomplice.


Scandalous Adventure of the Abbesse de la Joye.--Anecdote of Madame de

Saint-Herem.--Death of James II. and Recognition of His Son.--Alliance

against France.--Scene at St. Maur.--Balls and Plays.--The "Electra" of

Longepierre--Romantic Adventures of the Abbe de Vatterville.


Changes in the Army.--I Leave the Service.--Annoyance of the King.--The

Medallic History of the Reign.--Louis XIII.--Death of William III.--

Accession of Queen Anne.--The Alliance Continued.--Anecdotes of Catinat.

--Madame de Maintenon and the King.



Anecdote of Canaples.--Death of the Duc de Coislin.--Anecdotes of His

Unbearable Politeness.--Eccentric Character.--President de Novion.--

Death of M. de Lorges.--Death of the Duchesse de Gesvres.


The Prince d'Harcourt.--His Character and That of His Wife.--Odd Court

Lady.--She Cheats at Play.--Scene at Fontainebleau.--Crackers at Marly.--

Snowballing a Princess.--Strange Manners of Madame d'Harcourt.--

Rebellion among Her Servants.--A Vigorous Chambermaid.


Madame des Ursins.--Her Marriage and Character.--The Queen of Spain.--

Ambition of Madame de Maintenon.--Coronation of Philip V.--A Cardinal

Made Colonel.--Favourites of Madame des Ursins.--Her Complete Triumph.--

A Mistake.--A Despatch Violated.--Madame des Ursins in Disgrace.


Appointment of the Duke of Berwick.--Deception Practised by Orry.--Anger

of Louis XIV.--Dismissal of Madame des Ursins.--Her Intrigues to Return.

--Annoyance of the King and Queen of Spain.--Intrigues at Versailles.--

Triumphant Return of Madame des Ursins to Court.--Baseness of the

Courtiers.--Her Return to Spain Resolved On.


An Honest Courtier.--Robbery of Courtin and Fieubet.--An Important

Affair.--My Interview with the King.--His Jealousy of His Authority.--

Madame La Queue, the King's Daughter.--Battle of Blenheim or Hochstedt.--

Our Defeat.--Effect of the News on the King.--Public Grief and Public

Rejoicing.--Death of My Friend Montfort.


Naval Battle of Malaga.--Danger of Gibraltar.--Duke of Mantua in Search

of a Wife.--Duchesse de Lesdiguieres.--Strange Intrigues.--Mademoiselle

d'Elboeuf Carries off the Prize.--A Curious Marriage.--Its Result.--

History of a Conversion to Catholicism.--Attempted Assassination. --

Singular Seclusion


Fascination of the Duchesse de Bourgogne.--Fortunes of Nangis.--He Is

Loved by the Duchesse and Her Dame d'Atours.--Discretion of the Court.--

Maulevrier.--His Courtship of the Duchess.--Singular Trick.--Its Strange

Success.--Mad Conduct of Maulevrier--He Is Sent to Spain.--His Adventures

There.--His Return and Tragical Catastrophe.


Death of M. de Duras.--Selfishness of the King.--Anecdote of Puysieux.--

Character of Pontchartrain.--Why He Ruined the French Fleet.--Madame des

Ursins at Last Resolves to Return to Spain.--Favours Heaped upon Her.--

M. de Lauzun at the Army.--His bon mot.--Conduct of M. de Vendome.--

Disgrace and Character of the Grand Prieur.



A Hunting Adventure.--Story and Catastrophe of Fargues.--Death and

Character of Ninon de l'Enclos.--Odd Adventure of Courtenvaux.--Spies at

Court.--New Enlistment.--Wretched State of the Country.--Balls at Marly.


Arrival of Vendome at Court.--Character of That Disgusting Personage.--

Rise of Cardinal Alberoni.--Vendome's Reception at Marly.--His Unheard-of

Triumph.--His High Flight.--Returns to Italy.--Battle of Calcinato.--

Condition of the Army.--Pique of the Marechal de Villeroy.--Battle of

Ramillies.--Its Consequences.


Abandonment of the Siege of Barcelona.--Affairs of Italy.--

La Feuillade.--Disastrous Rivalries.--Conduct of M. d'Orleans.--The Siege

of Turin.--Battle.--Victory of Prince Eugene.--Insubordination in the

Army.--Retreat.--M. d'Orleans Returns to Court.--Disgrace of La Feuillade


Measures of Economy.--Financial Embarrassments.--The King and

Chamillart.--Tax on Baptisms and Marriages.--Vauban's Patriotism.--

Its Punishment.--My Action with M. de Brissac.--I Appeal to the King.--

The Result.--I Gain My Action.


My Appointment as Ambassador to Rome.--How It Fell Through.--Anecdotes of

the Bishop of Orleans.--A Droll Song.--A Saint in Spite of Himself.--

Fashionable Crimes.--A Forged Genealogy.--Abduction of Beringhen.--

The 'Parvulos' of Meudon and Mademoiselle Choin.


Death and Last Days of Madame de Montespan.--Selfishness of the King.--

Death and Character of Madame de Nemours.--Neufchatel and Prussia.--

Campaign of Villars.--Naval Successes.--Inundations of the Loire.--Siege

of Toulon.--A Quarrel about News.--Quixotic Despatches of Tesse.



Precedence at the Communion Table.--The King Offended with Madame de

Torcy.--The King's Religion.--Atheists and Jansenists.--Project against

Scotland.--Preparations.--Failure.--The Chevalier de St. George.--His

Return to Court.


Death and Character of Brissac.--Brissac and the Court Ladies.--The

Duchesse de Bourgogne.--Scene at the Carp Basin.--King's Selfishness.--

The King Cuts Samuel Bernard's Purse.--A Vain Capitalist.--Story of Leon

and Florence the Actress.--His Loves with Mademoiselle de Roquelaure.--

Run--away Marriage.--Anger of Madame de Roquelaure.--A Furious Mother.--

Opinions of the Court.--A Mistake.--Interference of the King.--

Fate of the Couple .


The Duc d'Orleans in Spain.--Offends Madame des Ursins and Madame de

Maintenon.--Laziness of M. de Vendome in Flanders.--Battle of Oudenarde.

--Defeat and Disasters.--Difference of M. de Vendome and the Duc de



Conflicting Reports.--Attacks on the Duc de Bourgogne.--The Duchesse de

Bourgogne Acts against Vendome.--Weakness of the Duke.--Cunning of

Vendome.--The Siege of Lille.--Anxiety for a Battle.--Its Delay.--Conduct

of the King and Monseigneur.--A Picture of Royal Family Feeling.--Conduct

of the Marechal de Boufflers.


Equivocal Position of the Duc de Bourgogne.--His Weak Conduct.--

Concealment of a Battle from the King.--Return of the Duc de Bourgogne to

Court.--Incidents of His Reception.--Monseigneur.--Reception of the Duc

de Berry.--Behaviour of the Duc de Bourgogne.--Anecdotes of Gamaches.--

Return of Vendome to Court.--His Star Begins to Wane.--Contrast of

Boufflers and Vendome.--Chamillart's Project for Retaking Lille.--How It

Was Defeated by Madame de Maintenon.


Tremendous Cold in France.--Winters of 1708-1709--Financiers and the

Famine.--Interference of the Parliaments of Paris and Dijon.--Dreadful

Oppression.--Misery of the People.--New Taxes.--Forced Labour.--General

Ruin.--Increased Misfortunes.--Threatened Regicide.--Procession of Saint

Genevieve.--Offerings of Plate to the King.--Discontent of the People.--

A Bread Riot, How Appeased.


M. de Vendome out of Favour.--Death and Character of the Prince de

Conti.--Fall of Vendome.--Pursegur's Interview with the King.--Madame de

Bourgogne against Vendome.--Her Decided Conduct.--Vendome Excluded from

Marly.--He Clings to Meudon.--From Which He is also Expelled.--His Final

Disgrace and Abandonment.--Triumph of Madame de Maintenon.


Death of Pere La Chaise.--His Infirmities in Old Age.--Partiality of the

King.--Character of Pere La Chaise.--The Jesuits.--Choice of a New

Confessor.--Fagon's Opinion.--Destruction of Port Royal.--Jansenists and

Molinists.--Pascal.--Violent Oppression of the Inhabitants of Port Royal.



Death of D'Avaux.--A Quarrel about a Window.--Louvois and the King.--

Anecdote of Boisseuil.--Madame de Maintenon and M. de Beauvilliers.--

Harcourt Proposed for the Council.--His Disappointment.--Death of M. le

Prince.--His Character.--Treatment of His Wife.--His Love Adventures.--

His Madness.--A Confessor Brought.--Nobody Regrets Him.


Progress of the War.--Simplicity of Chamillart.--The Imperialists and the

Pope.--Spanish Affairs.--Duc d'Orleans and Madame des Ursins.--Arrest of

Flotte in Spain.--Discovery of the Intrigues of the Duc d'Orleans.--Cabal

against Him.--His Disgrace and Its Consequences.


Danger of Chamillart.--Witticism of D'Harcourt.--Faults of Chamillart.--

Court Intrigues against Him.--Behaviour of the Courtiers.--Influence of

Madame de Maintenon.--Dignified Fall of Chamillart.--He is Succeeded by

Voysin.--First Experience of the New Minister.--The Campaign in

Flanders.--Battle of Malplaquet.


Disgrace of the Duc d'Orleans.--I Endeavor to Separate Him from Madame

d'Argenton.--Extraordinary Reports.--My Various Colloquies with Him.--The

Separation.--Conduct of Madame d'Argenton.--Death and Character of M. le

Duc.--The After-suppers of the King.


Proposed Marriage of Mademoiselle.--My Intrigues to Bring It About.--The

Duchesse de Bourgogne and Other Allies.--The Attack Begun.--Progress of

the Intrigue.--Economy at Marly.--The Marriage Agreed Upon.--Scene at

Saint-Cloud.--Horrible Reports.--The Marriage.--Madame de Saint-Simon.--

Strange Character of the Duchesse de Berry


Birth of Louis XV.--The Marechale de la Meilleraye.--Saint-Ruth's

Cudgel.--The Cardinal de Bouillon's Desertion from France.--Anecdotes of

His Audacity.


Imprudence of Villars.--The Danger of Truthfulness.--Military Mistakes.--

The Fortunes of Berwick.--The Son of James.--Berwick's Report on the

Army.--Imprudent Saying of Villars.--"The Good Little Fellow" in a

Scrape.--What Happens to Him.


Duchesse de Berry Drunk.--Operations in Spain.--Vendome Demanded by

Spain.--His Affront by the Duchesse de Bourgogne.--His Arrival.--

Staremberg and Stanhope.--The Flag of Spain Leaves Madrid.--Entry of the

Archduke.--Enthusiasm of the Spaniards--The King Returns.--Strategy, of

Staremberg.--Affair of Brighuega.--Battle of Villavciosa.--Its

Consequences to Vendome and to Spain.



State of the Country.--New Taxes.--The King's Conscience Troubled.--

Decision of the Sorbonne.--Debate in the Council.--Effect of the Royal

Tithe.--Tax on Agioteurs.--Merriment at Court.--Death of a Son of

Marechal Boufflers.--The Jesuits.


My Interview with Du Mont.--A Mysterious Communication. --Anger of

Monseigneur against Me.--Household of the Duchesse de Berry.--Monseigneur

Taken Ill of the Smallpox.--Effect of the News.--The King Goes to

Meudon.--The Danger Diminishes.--Madame de Maintenon at Meudon.--The

Court at Versailles.--Hopes and Fears.--The Danger Returns.--Death of

Monseigneur.--Conduct of the King.


A Rumour Reaches Versailles.--Aspect of the Court.--Various Forms of

Grief.--The Duc d'Orleans.--The News Confirmed at Versailles.--Behaviour

of the Courtiers.--The Duc and Duchesse de Berry.--The Duc and Duchesse

de Bourgogne.--Madame.--A Swiss Asleep.--Picture of a Court.--The Heir-

Apparent's Night.--The King Returns to Marly.--Character of Monseigneur.

--Effect of His Death.


State of the Court at Death of Monseigneur.--Conduct of the Dauphin and

the Dauphine.--The Duchesse de Berry.--My Interview with the Dauphin.--

He is Reconciled with M. d'Orleans.


Warnings to the Dauphin and the Dauphine.--The Dauphine Sickens and

Dies.--Illness of the Dauphin.--His Death.--Character and Manners of the

Dauphine.--And of the Dauphin.


Certainty of Poison.--The Supposed Criminal.--Excitement of the People

against M. d'Orleans.--The Cabal.--My Danger and Escape.--The Dauphin's




The King's Selfishness.--Defeat of the Czar.--Death of Catinat.--Last

Days of Vendome.--His Body at the Escurial.--Anecdote of Harlay and the

Jacobins.--Truce in Flanders.--Wolves.


Settlement of the Spanish Succession.--Renunciation of France.--Comic

Failure of the Duc de Berry.--Anecdotes of M. de Chevreuse.--Father

Daniel's History and Its Reward.


The Bull Unigenitus.--My Interview with Father Tellier.--Curious

Inadvertence of Mine.--Peace.--Duc de la Rochefoucauld.--A Suicide in

Public.--Charmel.--Two Gay Sisters.


The King of Spain a Widower.--Intrigues of Madame des Ursins.--Choice of

the Princes of Parma.--The King of France Kept in the Dark.--Celebration

of the Marriage.--Sudden Fall of the Princesse des Ursins.--Her Expulsion

from Spain.


The King of Spain Acquiesces in the Disgrace of Madame des Ursins.--Its

Origin.--Who Struck the Blow.--Her journey to Versailles.--Treatment

There.--My Interview with Her.--She Retires to Genoa.--Then to Rome.--



Sudden Illness of the Duc de Berry--Suspicious Symptoms.--The Duchess

Prevented from Seeing Him.--His Death.--Character.--Manners of the

Duchesse de Berry.


Maisons Seeks My Acquaintance.--His Mysterious Manner.--Increase of the

Intimacy.--Extraordinary News.--The Bastards Declared Princes of the

Blood.--Rage of Maisons and Noailles.--Opinion of the Court and Country.


The King Unhappy and Ill at Ease.--Court Paid to Him.--A New Scheme to

Rule Him.--He Yields.--New Annoyance.--His Will.--Anecdotes Concerning

It.--Opinions of the Court.--M. du Maine


A New Visit from Maisons.--His Violent Project.--My Objections.--He

Persists.--His Death and That of His Wife. --Death of the Duc de

Beauvilliers.--His Character.--Of the Cardinal d'Estrees.--Anecdotes.--

Death of Fenelon.



Character and Position of the Duc d'Orleans--His Manners, Talents, and

Virtues.--His Weakness.--Anecdote Illustrative Thereof.--

The "Debonnaire"--Adventure of the Grand Prieur in England.--Education

of the Duc d'Orleans.--Character of Dubois.--His Pernicious Influence.--

The Duke's Emptiness.--His Deceit.--His Love of Painting.--The Fairies at

His Birth.--The Duke's Timidity.--An Instance of His Mistrustfulness.


The Duke Tries to Raise the Devil.--Magical Experiments.--His Religious

Opinions.--Impiety.--Reads Rabelais at Church.--The Duchesse d'Orleans.--

Her Character.--Her Life with Her Husband.--My Discourses with the Duke

on the Future.--My Plans of Government.--A Place at Choice Offered Me.--

I Decline the Honour.--My Reason.--National Bankruptcy.--The Duke's Anger

at My Refusal.--A Final Decision.


The King's Health Declines.--Bets about His Death.--Lord Stair.--My New

Friend.--The King's Last Hunt.--And Last Domestic and Public Acts.--

Doctors.--Opium.--The King's Diet.--Failure of His Strength.--His Hopes

of Recovery.--Increased Danger.--Codicil to His Will.--Interview with the

Duc d'Orleans.--With the Cardinal de Noailles.--Address to His

Attendants.--The Dauphin Brought to Him.--His Last Words.--

An Extraordinary Physician.--The Courtiers and the Duc d'Orleans.--

Conduct of Madame de Maintenon.--The King's Death.


Early Life of Louis XIV.--His Education.--His Enormous Vanity.--His

Ignorance.--Cause of the War with Holland.--His Mistakes and Weakness in

War.--The Ruin of France.--Origin of Versailles.--The King's Love of

Adulation, and Jealousy of People Who Came Not to Court.--His Spies.--

His Vindictiveness.--Opening of Letters.--Confidence Sometimes Placed in

Him--A Lady in a Predicament.


Excessive Politeness.--Influence of the Valets.--How the King Drove

Out.--Love of magnificence.--His Buildings. --Versailles.--The Supply of

Water.--The King Seeks for Quiet.--Creation of Marly.--Tremendous



Amours of the King.--La Valliere.--Montespan.--Scandalous Publicity.--

Temper of Madame de Montespan.--Her Unbearable Haughtiness.--Other

Mistresses.--Madame de Maintenon.--Her Fortunes.--Her Marriage with

Scarron.--His Character and Society.--How She Lived After His Death.--

Gets into Better Company.--Acquaintance with Madame de Montespan.--

The King's Children.--His Dislike of Widow Scarron.--Purchase of the

Maintenon Estate.--Further Demands.--M. du Maine on His Travels.--

Montespan's Ill--humour.--Madame de Maintenon Supplants Her.--Her Bitter

Annoyance.--Progress of the New Intrigue.--Marriage of the King and

Madame de Maintenon.


Character of Madame de Maintenon.--Her Conversation.--Her Narrow-

mindedness.--Her Devotion.--Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.--Its Fatal

Consequences.--Saint Cyr.--Madame de Maintenon Desires Her Marriage to be

Declared.--Her Schemes.--Counterworked by Louvois.--His Vigorous Conduct

and Sudden Death.--Behaviour of the King.--Extraordinary Death of Seron.


Daily Occupations of Madame de Maintenon.--Her Policy--How She Governed

the King's Affairs.--Connivance with the Ministers.--Anecdote of

Le Tellier.--Behaviour of the King to Madame de Maintenon.--

His Hardness.--Selfishness.--Want of Thought for Others.--Anecdotes.--

Resignation of the King.--Its Causes.--The Jesuits and the Doctors.--The

King and Lay Jesuits.



External Life of Louis XIV.--At the Army.--Etiquette of the King's

Table.--Court Manners and Customs.--The Rising of the King.--Morning

Occupations.--Secret Amours.--Going to Mass.--Councils.--Thursdays.--

Fridays.--Ceremony of the King's Dinner.--The King's Brother.--After

Dinner.--The Drive.--Walks at Marly and Elsewhere.--Stag--hunting.--Play-

tables.--Lotteries.--Visits to Madame de Maintenon.--Supper.--The King

Retires to Rest.--Medicine Days.--Kings Religious Observances.--Fervency

in Lent.--At Mass.--Costume.--Politeness of the King for the Court of

Saint-Germain.--Feelings of the Court at His Death.--Relief of Madame de

Maintenon.--Of the Duchesse d'Orleans.--Of the Court Generally.--Joy of

Paris and the Whole of France.--Decency of Foreigners.--Burial of the



Surprise of M. d'Orleans at the King's Death.--My Interview with Him.--

Dispute about Hats.--M. du Maine at the Parliament.--His Reception.--

My Protest.--The King's Will.--Its Contents and Reception.--Speech of the

Duc d'Orleans.--Its Effect.--His Speech on the Codicil.--Violent

Discussion.--Curious Scene.--Interruption for Dinner.--Return to the

Parliament.--Abrogation of the Codicil.--New Scheme of Government.--

The Regent Visits Madame de Maintenon.--The Establishment of Saint-Cyr.--

The Regent's Liberality to Madame de Maintenon.


The Young King's Cold.--'Lettres des Cachet' Revived.--A Melancholy

Story.--A Loan from Crosat.--Retrenchments.--Unpaid Ambassadors.--Council

of the Regency.--Influence of Lord Stair.--The Pretender.--His Departure

from Bar.--Colonel Douglas.--The Pursuit.--Adventure at Nonancourt.--Its

Upshot.--Madame l'Hospital.--Ingratitude of the Pretender.


Behaviour of the Duchesse de Berry.--Her Arrogance Checked by Public

Opinion.--Walls up the Luxembourg Garden.--La Muette.--Her Strange Amour

with Rion.--Extraordinary Details.--The Duchess at the Carmelites.--

Weakness of the Regent.--His Daily Round of Life.--His Suppers.--

How He Squandered His Time.--His Impenetrability.--Scandal of His Life.--

Public Balls at the Opera.


First Appearance of Law.--His Banking Project Supported by the Regent.--

Discussed by the Regent with Me.--Approved by the Council and Registered.

--My Interviews with Law.--His Reasons for Seeking My Friendship.--

Arouet de Voltaire


Rise of Alberoni.--Intimacy of France and England.--Gibraltar Proposed to

be Given Up.--Louville the Agent.--His Departure.--Arrives at Madrid.--

Alarm of Alberoni.--His Audacious Intrigues.--Louville in the Bath.--

His Attempts to See the King.--Defeated.--Driven out of Spain.--Impudence

of Alberoni.--Treaty between France and England.--Stipulation with

Reference to the Pretender.


The Lieutenant of Police.--Jealousy of Parliament.--Arrest of Pomereu

Resolved On.--His Imprisonment and Sudden Release.--Proposed Destruction

of Marly.--How I Prevented It.--Sale of the Furniture.--I Obtain the

'Grandes Entrees'.--Their Importance and Nature.--Afterwards Lavished

Indiscriminately.--Adventure of the Diamond called "The Regent."--Bought

for the Crown of France.


Death of the Duchesse de Lesdiguieres.--Cavoye and His Wife.--Peter the

Great.--His Visit to France.--Enmity to England.--Its Cause.--Kourakin,

the Russian Ambassador.--The Czar Studies Rome.--Makes Himself the Head

of Religion.--New Desires for Rome--Ultimately Suppressed.--Preparations

to Receive the Czar at Paris.--His Arrival at Dunkerque.--At Beaumont.--

Dislikes the Fine Quarters Provided for Him.--His Singular Manners, and

Those of His Suite.


Personal Appearance of the Czar.--His Meals.--Invited by the Regent.--

His Interview with the King--He Returns the Visit.--Excursion in Paris.--

Visits Madame.--Drinks Beer at the Opera.--At the Invalides.--Meudon.--

Issy.--The Tuileries.--Versailles.--Hunt at Fontainebleau.--Saint--Cyr.--

Extraordinary Interview with Madame de Maintenon.--My Meeting with the

Czar at D'Antin's.--The Ladies Crowd to See Him.--Interchange of

Presents.--A Review.--Party Visits.--Desire of the Czar to Be United to



Courson in Languedoc.--Complaints of Perigueux.--Deputies to Paris.--

Disunion at the Council.--Intrigues of the Duc de Noailles.--Scene.--

I Support the Perigueux People.--Triumph.--My Quarrel with Noailles.--

The Order of the Pavilion.



Policy and Schemes of Alberoni.--He is Made a Cardinal.--Other Rewards

Bestowed on Him.--Dispute with the Majordomo.--An Irruption into the

Royal Apartment.--The Cardinal Thrashed.--Extraordinary Scene.


Anecdote of the Duc d'Orleans.--He Pretends to Reform --Trick Played upon

Me.--His Hoaxes.--His Panegyric of Me.--Madame de Sabran.--How the Regent

Treated His Mistresses.


Encroachments of the Parliament.--The Money Edict.--Conflict of Powers--

Vigorous Conduct of the Parliament.--Opposed with Equal Vigour by the

Regent.--Anecdote of the Duchesse du Maine.--Further Proceedings of the

Parliament.--Influence of the Reading of Memoirs.--Conduct of the

Regent.--My Political Attitude.--Conversation with the Regent on the

Subject of the Parliament.--Proposal to Hang Law.--Meeting at My House.--

Law Takes Refuge in the Palais Royal.


Proposed Bed of Justice.--My Scheme.--Interview with the Regent.--

The Necessary Seats for the Assembly.--I Go in Search of Fontanieu.--

My Interview with Hini.--I Return to the Palace.--Preparations.--

Proposals of M. le Duc to Degrade M. du Maine.--My Opposition.--My Joy

and Delight.--The Bed of Justice Finally Determined On.--A Charming

Messenger.--Final Preparations.--Illness of the Regent.--News Given to

M. du Maine.--Resolution of the Parliament.--Military Arrangements.--I Am

Summoned to the Council.--My Message to the Comte de Toulouse.


The Material Preparations for the Bed of Justice--Arrival of the Duc

d'Orleans:--The Council Chamber.--Attitude of the Various Actors.--The

Duc du Maine.--Various Movements.--Arrival of the Duc de Toulouse.--

Anxiety of the Two Bastards.--They Leave the Room.--Subsequent

Proceedings.--Arrangement of the Council Chamber.--Speech of the Regent.

--Countenances of the Members of Council.--The Regent Explains the Object

of the Bed of Justice.--Speech of the Keeper of the Seals.--Taking the

Votes.--Incidents That Followed.--New Speech of the Duc d'Orleans.--

Against the Bastards.--My Joy.--I Express My Opinion Modestly.--Exception

in Favour of the Comte de Toulouse.--New Proposal of M. le Duc.--Its

Effect.--Threatened Disobedience of the Parliament.--Proper Measures.--

The Parliament Sets Out.


Continuation of the Scene in the Council Chamber.--Slowness of the

Parliament.--They Arrive at Last.--The King Fetched.--Commencement of the

Bed of Justice.--My Arrival.--Its Effect.--What I Observed.--Absence of

the Bastards Noticed.--Appearance of the King. The Keeper of the Seals.--

The Proceedings Opened.--Humiliation of the Parliament.--Speech of the

Chief-President.--New Announcement.--Fall of the Duc du Maine Announced.

--Rage of the Chief-President.--My Extreme joy.--M. le Duc Substituted

for M. du Maine.--Indifference of the King.--Registration of the Decrees.


My Return Home.--Wanted for a New Commission.--Go to the Palais Royal.--

A Cunning Page.--My journey to Saint-Cloud.--My Reception.--Interview

with the Duchesse d'Orleans.--Her Grief.--My Embarrassment.--Interview

with Madame.--Her Triumph.--Letter of the Duchesse d'Orleans.--She Comes

to Paris.--Quarrels with the Regent.


Intrigues of M. du Maine.--And of Cellamare, the Spanish Ambassador.--

Monteleon and Portocarrero.--Their Despatches.--How Signed.--The

Conspiracy Revealed.--Conduct of the Regent.--Arrest of Cellamare.--His

House Searched.--The Regency Council.--Speech of the Duc d'Orleans.--

Resolutions Come To.--Arrests.--Relations with Spain.--Alberoni and

Saint-Aignan.--Their Quarrel.--Escape of Saint-Aignan.


The Regent Sends for Me.--Guilt of the Duc de Maine.--Proposed Arrest.--

Discussion on the Prison to Be Chosen.--The Arrest.--His Dejection.--

Arrest of the Duchess.--Her Rage.--Taken to Dijon.--Other Arrests.--

Conduct of the Comte de Toulouse.--The Faux Sauniers.--Imprisonment of

the Duc and Duchesse du Maine.--Their Sham Disagreement.--Their

Liberation.--Their Reconciliation.



Anecdote of Madame de Charlus.--The 'Phillippaques'.--La Grange.--

Pere Tellier.--The Jesuits.--Anecdote----Tellier's Banishment.--Death of

Madame de Maintenon.--Her Life at Saint-Cyr.


Mode of Life of the Duchesse de Berry.--Her Illness.--Her Degrading

Amours.--Her Danger Increases.--The Sacraments Refused.--The Cure Is

Supported by the Cardinal de Noailles.--Curious Scene.--The Duchess

Refuses to Give Way.--She Recovers, and Is Delivered.--Ambition of Rion.

--He Marries the Duchess.--She Determines to Go to Meudon.--Rion Sent to

the Army.--Quarrels of Father and Daughter.--Supper on the Terrace of

Meudon.--The Duchess Again Ill.--Moves to La Muette.--Great Danger.--

Receives the Sacrament.--Garus and Chirac.--Rival Doctors.--Increased

Illness.--Death of the Duchess.--Sentiments on the Occasion.--Funeral

Ceremonies.--Madame de Saint-Simon Fails Ill.--Her Recovery.--We Move to

Meudon.--Character of the Duchesse de Berry.


The Mississippi Scheme.--Law Offers Me Shares.--Compensation for Blaye.--

The Rue Quincampoix.--Excitement of the Public.--Increased Popularity of

the Scheme.--Conniving of Law.--Plot against His Life--Disagreement with

Argenson.--Their Quarrel.--Avarice of the Prince de Conti.--His

Audacity.--Anger of the Regent.--Comparison with the Period of Louis

XIV.--A Ballet Proposed.--The Marechal de Villeroy.--The Young King Is to

Dance.--Young Law Proposed.--Excitement.--The Young King's Disgust.--

Extravagant Presents of the Duc d'Orleans.


System of Law in Danger.--Prodigality of the Duc d'Orleans.--Admissions

of Law.--Fall of His Notes.--Violent Measures Taken to Support Them.--

Their Failure.--Increased Extravagance of the Regent.--Reduction of the

Fervour.--Proposed Colonies.--Forced Emigration.--Decree on the Indian

Company.--Scheming of Argenson. Attitude of the Parliament.--Their

Remonstrance.--Dismissal of Law.--His Coolness--Extraordinary Decree of

Council of State.--Prohibition of jewellery.--New Schemes.


The New Edict.--The Commercial Company.--New Edict.--Rush on the Bank.--

People Stifled in the Crowd.--Excitement against Law.--Money of the

Bank.--Exile of the Parliament to Pontoise.--New Operation.--The Place

Vendome.--The Marechal de Villeroy.--Marseilles.--Flight of Law.--

Character of Him and His Wife.--Observations on His Schemes.--Decrees of

the Finance.


Council on the Finances.--Departure of Law--A Strange Dialogue.--M. le

Duc and the Regent.--Crimes Imputed to Law during His Absence.--Schemes

Proposed.--End, of the Council.


Character of Alberoni.--His Grand Projects.--Plots against Him.--The

Queen's Nurse.--The Scheme against the Cardinal.--His Fall.--Theft of a

Will.--Reception in Italy.--His Adventures There.


Meetings of the Council.--A Kitten.--The Archbishopric of Cambrai.--

Scandalous Conduct of Dubois.--The Consecration.--I Persuade the Regent

Not to Go.--He Promises Not.--Breaks His Word.--Madame de Parabere.--The

Ceremony.--Story of the Comte de Horn.



Quarrel of the King of England with His Son.--Schemes of Dubois.--

Marriage of Brissac.--His Death.--Birth of the Young Pretender.--

Cardinalate of Dubois.--Illness of the King.--His Convalescence.--

A Wonderful Lesson.--Prudence of the Regent.--Insinuations against Him.


Projected Marriages of the King and of the Daughter of the Duc d'Orleans_

--How It Was Communicated to Me.--I Ask for the Embassy to Spain.--It Is

Granted to Me.--Jealousy of Dubois.--His Petty Interference.--

Announcement of the Marriages.


Interview with Dubois.--His Singular Instructions to Ale.--His Insidious

Object.--Various Tricks and Manoeuvres.--My Departure for Spain.--Journey

by Way of Bordeaux and Bayonne.--Reception in Spain.--Arrival at Madrid.


Interview in the Hall of Mirrors.--Preliminaries of the Marriages.--

Grimaldo.--How the Question of Precedence Was Settled.--I Ask for an

Audience.--Splendid Illuminations.--A Ball.--I Am Forced to Dance.


Mademoiselle de Montpensier Sets out for Spain.--I Carry the News to the

King.--Set out for Lerma.--Stay at the Escurial.--Take the Small--pox.--



Mode of Life of Their Catholic Majesties.--Their Night.--Morning.--

Toilette.--Character of Philippe V.--And of His Queen.--How She Governed



The King's Taste for Hunting.--Preparations for a Battue.--Dull Work.--

My Plans to Obtain the Grandesse.--Treachery of Dubois.--Friendship of

Grimaldo.--My Success.


Marriage of the Prince of the Asturias.--An Ignorant Cardinal.--I Am Made

Grandee of Spain.--The Vidame de Chartres Named Chevalier of the Golden

Fleece.--His Reception--My Adieux.--A Belching Princess.--

Return to France.



Attempted Reconciliation between Dubois and Villeroy.--Violent Scene.--

Trap Laid for the Marechal.--Its Success.--His Arrest.


I Am Sent for by Cardinal Dubois.--Flight of Frejus.--He Is Sought and

Found.--Behaviour of Villeroy in His Exile at Lyons.--His Rage and

Reproaches against Frejus.--Rise of the Latter in the King's Confidence.


I Retire from Public Life.--Illness and Death of Dubois. --Account of His

Riches.--His Wife.--His Character.--Anecdotes.--Madame de Conflans.--

Relief of the Regent and the King.


Death of Lauzun.--His Extraordinary Adventures.--His Success at Court.--

Appointment to the Artillery.--Counter--worked by Louvois.--Lauzun and

Madame de Montespan.--Scene with the King.--Mademoiselle and Madame de



Lauzun's Magnificence.--Louvois Conspires against Him.--He Is

Imprisoned.--His Adventures at Pignerol.--On What Terms He Is Released.--

His Life Afterwards.--Return to Court.


Lauzun Regrets His Former Favour.--Means Taken to Recover It.--Failure.--

Anecdotes.--Biting Sayings.--My Intimacy with Lauzun.--His Illness,

Death, and Character.


Ill-Health of the Regent.--My Fears.--He Desires a Sudden Death.--

Apoplectic Fit.--Death.--His Successor as Prime Minister.--The Duc de

Chartres.--End of the Memoirs.


No library of Court documents could pretend to be representative which

ignored the famous "Memoirs" of the Duc de Saint-Simon. They stand, by

universal consent, at the head of French historical papers, and are the

one great source from which all historians derive their insight into the

closing years of the reign of the "Grand Monarch," Louis XIV: whom the

author shows to be anything but grand--and of the Regency. The opinion

of the French critic, Sainte-Beuve, is fairly typical. "With the Memoirs

of De Retz, it seemed that perfection had been attained, in interest, in

movement, in moral analysis, in pictorial vivacity, and that there was no

reason for expecting they could be surpassed. But the 'Memoirs' of

Saint-Simon came; and they offer merits . . . which make them the most

precious body of Memoirs that as yet exist."

Villemain declared their author to be "the most original of geniuses in

French literature, the foremost of prose satirists; inexhaustible in

details of manners and customs, a word-painter like Tacitus; the author

of a language of his own, lacking in accuracy, system, and art, yet an

admirable writer." Leon Vallee reinforces this by saying: "Saint-Simon

can not be compared to any of his contemporaries. He has an

individuality, a style, and a language solely his own.... Language he

treated like an abject slave. When he had gone to its farthest limit,

when it failed to express his ideas or feelings, he forced it--the result

was a new term, or a change in the ordinary meaning of words sprang forth

from has pen. With this was joined a vigour and breadth of style, very

pronounced, which makes up the originality of the works of Saint-Simon

and contributes toward placing their author in the foremost rank of

French writers."

Louis de Rouvroy, who later became the Duc de Saint-Simon, was born in

Paris, January 16, 1675. He claimed descent from Charlemagne, but the

story goes that his father, as a young page of Louis XIII., gained favour

with his royal master by his skill in holding the stirrup, and was

finally made a duke and peer of France. The boy Louis had no lesser

persons than the King and Queen Marie Therese as godparents, and made his

first formal appearance at Court when seventeen. He tells us that he was

not a studious boy, but was fond of reading history; and that if he had

been given rein to read all he desired of it, he might have made "some

figure in the world." At nineteen, like D'Artagnan, he entered the

King's Musketeers. At twenty he was made a captain in the cavalry; and

the same year he married the beautiful daughter of the Marechal de

Larges. This marriage, which was purely political in its inception,

finally turned into a genuine love match--a pleasant exception to the

majority of such affairs. He became devoted to his wife, saying: "she

exceeded all that was promised of her, and all that I myself had hoped."

Partly because of this marriage, and also because he felt himself

slighted in certain army appointments, he resigned his commissim after

five years' service, and retired for a time to private life.

Upon his return to Court, taking up apartments which the royal favour had

reserved for him at Versailles, Saint-Simon secretly entered upon the

self-appointed task for which he is now known to fame--a task which the

proud King of a vainglorious Court would have lost no time in terminating

had it been discovered--the task of judge, spy, critic, portraitist, and

historian, rolled into one. Day by day, henceforth for many years, he

was to set down upon his private "Memoirs" the results of his personal

observations, supplemented by the gossip brought to him by his

unsuspecting friends; for neither courtier, statesman, minister, nor

friend ever looked upon those notes which this "little Duke with his

cruel, piercing, unsatisfied eyes" was so busily penning. Says Vallee:

"He filled a unique position at Court, being accepted by all, even by the

King himself, as a cynic, personally liked for his disposition, enjoying

consideration on account of the prestige of his social connections,

inspiring fear in the more timid by the severity and fearlessness of his

criticism." Yet Louis XIV. never seems to have liked him, and Saint-

Simon owed his influence chiefly to his friendly relations with the

Dauphin's family. During the Regency, he tried to restrain the

profligate Duke of Orleans, and in return was offered the position of

governor of the boy, Louis XV., which he refused. Soon after, he retired

to private life, and devoted his remaining years largely to revising his

beloved "Memoirs." The autograph manuscript, still in existence, reveals

the immense labour which he put into it. The writing is remarkable for

its legibility and freedom from erasure. It comprises no less than 2,300

pages in folio.

After the author's death, in 1755, the secret of his lifelong labour was

revealed; and the Duc de Choiseul, fearing the result of these frank

revelations, confiscated them and placed them among the state archives.

For sixty years they remained under lock and key, being seen by only a

few privileged persons, among them Marmontel, Duclos, and Voltaire. A

garbled version of extracts appeared in 1789, possibly being used as a

Revolutionary text. Finally, in 1819, a descendant of the analyst,

bearing the same name, obtained permission from Louis XVIII. to set this

"prisoner of the Bastille" at liberty; and in 1829 an authoritative

edition, revised and arranged by chapters, appeared. It created a

tremendous stir. Saint-Simon had been merciless, from King down to

lady's maid, in depicting the daily life of a famous Court. He had

stripped it of all its tinsel and pretension, and laid the ragged

framework bare. "He wrote like the Devil for posterity!" exclaimed

Chateaubriand. But the work at once became universally read and quoted,

both in France and England. Macaulay made frequent use of it in his

historical essays. It was, in a word, recognised as the chief authority

upon an important period of thirty years (1694-1723).

Since then it has passed through many editions, finally receiving an

adequate English translation at the hands of Bayle St. John, who has been

careful to adhere to the peculiarities of Saint-Simon's style. It is

this version which is now presented in full, giving us not only many

vivid pictures of the author's time, but of the author himself. "I do

not pride myself upon my freedom from prejudice--impartiality," he

confesses--"it would be useless to attempt it. But I have tried at all

times to tell the truth."


Memoirs of louis XIV and his court and of the regency iconThe Project Gutenberg Memoirs Louis XIV., His Court and The Regency, entire

Memoirs of louis XIV and his court and of the regency icon1989 No. 1102 (L. 12) Supreme court of england and wales

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