Chapter LXXXVIII icon


НазваниеChapter LXXXVIII
Дата конвертации10.08.2012
Размер383.25 Kb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9



Policy and Schemes of Alberoni.--He is Made a Cardinal.--Other Rewards

Bestowed on Him.--Dispute with the Majordomo.--An Irruption into the

Royal Apartment.--The Cardinal Thrashed.--Extraordinary Scene.


Anecdote of the Duc d'Orleans.--He Pretends to Reform --Trick Played upon

Me.--His Hoaxes.--His Panegyric of Me.--Madame de Sabran.--How the Regent

Treated His Mistresses.


Encroachments of the Parliament.--The Money Edict.--Conflict of Powers--

Vigorous Conduct of the Parliament.--Opposed with Equal Vigour by the

Regent.--Anecdote of the Duchesse du Maine.--Further Proceedings of the

Parliament.--Influence of the Reading of Memoirs.--Conduct of the

Regent.--My Political Attitude.--Conversation with the Regent on the

Subject of the Parliament.--Proposal to Hang Law.--Meeting at My House.--

Law Takes Refuge in the Palais Royal.


Proposed Bed of Justice.--My Scheme.--Interview with the Regent.--

The Necessary Seats for the Assembly.--I Go in Search of Fontanieu.--

My Interview with Hini.--I Return to the Palace.--Preparations.--

Proposals of M. le Duc to Degrade M. du Maine.--My Opposition.--My Joy

and Delight.--The Bed of Justice Finally Determined On.--A Charming

Messenger.--Final Preparations.--Illness of the Regent.--News Given to

M. du Maine.--Resolution of the Parliament.--Military Arrangements.--I Am

Summoned to the Council.--My Message to the Comte de Toulouse.


The Material Preparations for the Bed of Justice--Arrival of the Duc

d'Orleans:--The Council Chamber.--Attitude of the Various Actors.--The

Duc du Maine.--Various Movements.--Arrival of the Duc de Toulouse.--

Anxiety of the Two Bastards.--They Leave the Room.--Subsequent

Proceedings.--Arrangement of the Council Chamber.--Speech of the Regent.

--Countenances of the Members of Council.--The Regent Explains the Object

of the Bed of Justice.--Speech of the Keeper of the Seals.--Taking the

Votes.--Incidents That Followed.--New Speech of the Duc d'Orleans.--

Against the Bastards.--My Joy.--I Express My Opinion Modestly.--Exception

in Favour of the Comte de Toulouse.--New Proposal of M. le Duc.--Its

Effect.--Threatened Disobedience of the Parliament.--Proper Measures.--

The Parliament Sets Out.


Continuation of the Scene in the Council Chamber.--Slowness of the

Parliament.--They Arrive at Last.--The King Fetched.--Commencement of the

Bed of Justice.--My Arrival.--Its Effect.--What I Observed.--Absence of

the Bastards Noticed.--Appearance of the King. The Keeper of the Seals.--

The Proceedings Opened.--Humiliation of the Parliament.--Speech of the

Chief-President.--New Announcement.--Fall of the Duc du Maine Announced.

--Rage of the Chief-President.--My Extreme joy.--M. le Duc Substituted

for M. du Maine.--Indifference of the King.--Registration of the Decrees.


My Return Home.--Wanted for a New Commission.--Go to the Palais Royal.--

A Cunning Page.--My journey to Saint-Cloud.--My Reception.--Interview

with the Duchesse d'Orleans.--Her Grief.--My Embarrassment.--Interview

with Madame.--Her Triumph.--Letter of the Duchesse d'Orleans.--She Comes

to Paris.--Quarrels with the Regent.


Intrigues of M. du Maine.--And of Cellamare, the Spanish Ambassador.--

Monteleon and Portocarrero.--Their Despatches.--How Signed.--The

Conspiracy Revealed.--Conduct of the Regent.--Arrest of Cellamare.--His

House Searched.--The Regency Council.--Speech of the Duc d'Orleans.--

Resolutions Come To.--Arrests.--Relations with Spain.--Alberoni and

Saint-Aignan.--Their Quarrel.--Escape of Saint-Aignan.


The Regent Sends for Me.--Guilt of the Duc de Maine.--Proposed Arrest.--

Discussion on the Prison to Be Chosen.--The Arrest.--His Dejection.--

Arrest of the Duchess.--Her Rage.--Taken to Dijon.--Other Arrests.--

Conduct of the Comte de Toulouse.--The Faux Sauniers.--Imprisonment of

the Duc and Duchesse du Maine.--Their Sham Disagreement.--Their

Liberation.--Their Reconciliation.


The Abbe Alberoni, having risen by the means I have described, and

acquired power by following in the track of the Princesse des Ursins,

governed Spain like a master. He had the most ambitious projects. One

of his ideas was to drive all strangers, especially the French, out of

the West Indies; and he hoped to make use of the Dutch to attain this

end. But Holland was too much in the dependence of England.

At home Alberoni proposed many useful reforms, and endeavoured to

diminish the expenses of the royal household. He thought, with reason,

that a strong navy was the necessary basis of the power of Spain; and to

create one he endeavoured to economise the public money. He flattered

the King with the idea that next year he would arm forty vessels to

protect the commerce of the Spanish Indies. He had the address to boast

of his disinterestedness, in that whilst working at all manner of

business he had never received any grace from the King, and lived only

on fifty pistoles, which the Duke of Parma, his master, gave him every

month; and therefore he made gently some complaints against the

ingratitude of princes.

Alberoni had persuaded the Queen of Spain to keep her husband shut up,

as had the Princesse des Ursins. This was a certain means of governing a

prince whose temperament and whose conscience equally attached him to his

spouse. He was soon completely governed once more--under lock and key,

as it were, night and day. By this means the Queen was jailoress and

prisoner at the same time. As she was constantly with the King nobody

could come to her. Thus Alberoni kept them both shut up, with the key of

their prison in his pocket.

One of the chief objects of his ambition was the Cardinal's hat. It

would be too long to relate the schemes he set on foot to attain his end.

He was opposed by a violent party at Rome; but at last his inflexible

will and extreme cunning gained the day. The Pope, no longer able to

resist the menaces of the King of Spain, and dreading the vengeance of

the all-powerful minister, consented to grant the favour that minister

had so pertinaciously demanded. Alberoni was made Cardinal on the 12th

of July, 1717. Not a soul approved this promotion when it was announced

at the consistory. Not a single cardinal uttered a word in praise of the

new confrere, but many openly disapproved his nomination. Alberoni's

good fortune did not stop here. At the death, some little time after,

of the Bishop of Malaga, that rich see, worth thirty thousand ecus a

year, was given to him. He received it as the mere introduction to the

grandest and richest sees of Spain, when they should become vacant.

The King of Spain gave him also twenty thousand ducats, to be levied upon

property confiscated for political reasons. Shortly after, Cardinal

Arias, Archbishop of Seville, having died, Alberoni was named to this

rich archbishopric.

In the middle of his grandeur and good luck he met with an adventure that

must have strangely disconcerted him.

I have before explained how Madame des Ursins and the deceased Queen had

kept the King of Spain screened from all eyes, inaccessible to all his

Court, a very palace-hermit. Alberoni, as I have said, followed their

example. He kept the King even more closely imprisoned than before, and

allowed no one, except a few indispensable attendants, to approach him.

These attendants were a small number of valets and doctors, two gentlemen

of the chamber, one or two ladies, and the majordomo-major of the King.

This last post was filled by the Duc d'Escalone, always called Marquis de

Villena, in every way one of the greatest noblemen in Spain, and most

respected and revered of all, and justly so, for his virtue, his

appointment, and his services.

Now the King's doctors are entirely under the authority of the majordomo-

major. He ought to be present at all their consultations; the King

should take no remedy that he is not told of, or that he does not

approve, or that he does not see taken; an account of all the medicines

should be rendered to him. Just at this time the King was ill. Villena

wished to discharge the duties attached to his post of majordomo-major.

Alberoni caused it to be insinuated to him, that the King wished to be at

liberty, and that he would be better liked if he kept at home; or had the

discretion and civility not to enter the royal chamber, but to ask at the

door for news. This was language the Marquis would not understand.

At the end of the grand cabinet of the mirrors was placed a bed, in which

the King was laid, in front of the door; and as the room is vast and

long, it is a good distance from the door (which leads to the interior)

to the place where the bed was. Alberoni again caused the Marquis to be

informed that his attentions were troublesome, but the Marquis did not

fail to enter as before. At last, in concert with the Queen, the

Cardinal resolved to refuse him admission. The Marquis, presenting

himself one afternoon, a valet partly opened the door and said, with much

confusion, that he was forbidden to let him enter.

"Insolent fellow," replied the Marquis, "stand aside," and he pushed the

door against the valet and entered. In front of him was the Queen,

seated at the King's pillow; the Cardinal standing by her side, and the

privileged few, and not all of them, far away from the bed. The Marquis,

who, though full of pride, was but weak upon his legs, leisurely

advanced, supported upon his little stick. The Queen and the Cardinal

saw him and looked at each other. The King was too ill to notice

anything, and his curtains were closed except at the side where the Queen

was. Seeing the Marquis approach, the Cardinal made signs, with

impatience, to one of the valets to tell him to go away, and immediately

after, observing that the Marquis, without replying, still advanced, he

went to him, explained to him that the King wished to be alone, and

begged him to leave.

"That is not true," said the Marquis; "I have watched you; you have not

approached the bed, and the King has said nothing to you."

The Cardinal insisting, and without success, took him by the arm to make

him go. The Marquis said he was very insolent to wish to hinder him from

seeing the King, and perform his duties. The Cardinal, stronger than his

adversary, turned the Marquis round, hurried him towards the door, both

talking the while, the Cardinal with measure, the Marquis in no way

mincing his words. Tired of being hauled out in this manner, the Marquis

struggled, called Alberoni a "little scoundrel," to whom he would teach

manners; and in this heat and dust the Marquis, who was weak, fortunately

fell into an armchair hard by. Angry at his fall, he raised his little

stick and let it fall with all his force upon the ears and the shoulders

of the Cardinal, calling him a little scoundrel--a little rascal--

a little blackguard, deserving a horsewhipping.

The Cardinal, whom he held with one hand, escaped as well as he could,

the Marquis continuing to abuse him, and shaking the stick at him. One

of the valets came and assisted him to rise from his armchair, and gain

the door; for after this accident his only thought was to leave the room.

The Queen looked on from her chair during all this scene, without

stirring or saying a word; and the privileged few in the chamber did not

dare to move. I learned all this from every one in Spain; and moreover I

asked the Marquis de Villena himself to give me the full details; and he,

who was all uprightness and truth, and who had conceived some little

friendship for me, related with pleasure all I have written. The two

gentlemen of the chamber present also did the same, laughing in their

sleeves. One had refused to tell the Marquis to leave the room, and the

other had accompanied him to the door. The most singular thing is, that

the Cardinal, furious, but surprised beyond measure at the blows he had

received, thought only of getting out of reach. The Marquis cried to him

from a distance, that but for the respect he owed to the King, and to the

state in which he was, he would give him a hundred kicks in the stomach,

and haul him out by the ears. I was going to forget this. The King was

so ill that he saw nothing.

A quarter of an hour after the Marquis had returned home, he received an

order to retire to one of his estates at thirty leagues from Madrid. The

rest of the day his house was filled with the most considerable people of

Madrid, arriving as they learned the news, which made a furious sensation

through the city. He departed the next day with his children. The

Cardinal, nevertheless, remained so terrified, that, content with the

exile of the Marquis, and with having got rid of him, he did not dare to

pass any censure upon him for the blows he had received. Five or six

months afterwards he sent him an order of recall, though the Marquis had

not taken the slightest steps to obtain it. What is incredible is, that

the adventure, the exile, the return, remained unknown to the King until

the fall of the Cardinal! The Marquis would never consent to see him, or

to hear him talked of, on any account, after returning, though the

Cardinal was the absolute master. His pride was much humiliated by this

worthy and just haughtiness; and he was all the more piqued because he

left nothing undone in order to bring about a reconciliation, without any

other success than that of obtaining fresh disdain, which much increased

the public estimation in which this wise and virtuous nobleman was held.


I must not omit to mention an incident which occurred during the early

part of the year 1718, and which will give some idea of the character of

M. le Duc d'Orleans, already pretty amply described by me.

One day (when Madame la Duchesse d'Orleans had gone to Montmartre, which

she quitted soon after) I was walking alone with M. le Duc d'Orleans in

the little garden of the Palais Royal, chatting upon various affairs,

when he suddenly interrupted me, and turning towards me; said, "I am

going to tell you something that will please you."

Thereupon he related to me that he was tired of the life he led, which

was no longer in harmony with his age or his desires, and many similar

things; that he was resolved to give up his gay parties, pass his

evenings more soberly and decently, sometimes at home, often with Madame

la Duchesse d'Orleans; that his health would gain thereby, and he should

have more time for business; that in a little while I might rely upon it

--there would be no more suppers of "roues and harlots" (these were his

own terms), and that he was going to lead a prudent and reasonable life

adapted to his age and state.

I admit that in my extreme surprise I was ravished, so great was the

interest I took in him. I testified this to him with overflowing heart,

thanking him for his confidence. I said to him that he knew I for a long

time had not spoken to him of the indecency of his life, or of the time

he lost, because I saw that in so doing I lost my own; that I had long

since despaired of his conduct changing; that this had much grieved me;

that he could not be ignorant from all that had passed between us at

various times, how much I desired a change, and that he might judge of

the surprise and joy his announcement gave me. He assured me more and

more that his resolution was fixed, and thereupon I took leave of him,

the hour for his soiree having arrived.

The next day I learned from people to whom the roues had just related it,

that M. le Duc d'Orleans was no sooner at table than he burst out

laughing, and applauded his cleverness, saying that he had just laid a

trap for me into which I had fallen full length. He recited to them our

conversation, at which the joy and applause were marvellous. It is the

only time he ever diverted himself at my expense (not to say at his own)

in a matter in which the fib he told me, and which I was foolish enough

to swallow, surprised by a sudden joy that took from me reflection, did

honour to me, though but little to him. I would not gratify him by

telling him I knew of his joke, or call to his mind what he had said to

me; accordingly he never dared to speak of it.

I never could unravel what fantasy had seized him to lead him to hoax me

in this manner, since for many years I had never opened my mouth

concerning the life he led, whilst he, on his side, had said not a word

to me relating to it. Yet it is true that sometimes being alone with

confidential valets, some complaints have escaped him (but never before

others) that I ill-treated him, and spoke hastily to him, but all was

said in two words, without bitterness, and without accusing me of

treating him wrongfully. He spoke truly also; sometimes, when I was

exasperated with stupidity or error in important matters which affected

him or the State, or when he had agreed (having been persuaded and

convinced by good reasons) to do or not to do some essential thing, and

was completely turned from it by his feebleness, his easy-going nature

(which he appreciated as well as I)--cruelly did I let out against him.

But the trick he most frequently played me before others, one of which my

warmth was always dupe, was suddenly to interrupt an important argument

by a 'sproposito' of buffoonery. I could not stand it; sometimes being

so angry that I wished to leave the room. I used to say to him that if

he wished to joke I would joke as much as he liked, but to mix the most

serious matters with tomfoolery was insupportable. He laughed heartily,

and all the more because, as the thing often happened, I ought to have

been on my guard; but never was, and was vexed both at the joke and at

being surprised; then he returned to business. But princes must

sometimes banter and amuse themselves with those whom they treat as

friends. Nevertheless, in spite of his occasional banter, he entertained

really sincere esteem and friendship for me.

By chance I learnt one day what he really thought of me. I will say it

now, so as to leave at once all these trifles. M. le Duc d'Orleans

returning one afternoon from the Regency Council at the Tuileries to the

Palais Royal with M. le Duc de Chartres (his son) and the Bailli de

Conflans (then first gentleman of his chamber) began to talk of me,

passing an eulogium upon me I hardly dare to repeat. I know not what had

occurred at the Council to occasion it. All that I can say is that he

insisted upon his happiness in having a friend so faithful, so unchanging

at all times, so useful to him as I was, and always had been; so sure, so

true, so disinterested, so firm, such as he could meet with in no one

else, and upon whom he could always count. This eulogy lasted from the

Tuileries to the Palais Royal, the Regent saying to his son that he

wished to teach him how to make my acquaintance, as a support and a

source of happiness (all that I relate here is in his own words); such as
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9


Chapter LXXXVIII iconДокументы
1. /Ivrel/Core Rules/Addendums/Monster Addendum 1 [Draconians].doc
2. /Ivrel/Core...

Chapter LXXXVIII iconДокументы
1. /kachesov1/_contents.doc
2. /kachesov1/_preface.doc
Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter IV the article

Chapter LXXXVIII iconContents. Chapter I

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter 9 a few Questions

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter 5 "Who are these aliens?"

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter cxiii

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter xcvii

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter LXXVIII

Chapter LXXXVIII iconChapter XVIII

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:

База данных защищена авторским правом © 2000-2014
При копировании материала обязательно указание активной ссылки открытой для индексации.
обратиться к администрации

Разработка сайта — Веб студия Адаманов