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Утверждено на заседании кафедры английского языка для обществоведческих факультетов

Учебные материалы предназначены для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов I-III курсов на основе грамматического материала, предусмотренного программой. Упражнения даны для перевода с английского языка на русский. Они включают следующие разделы: страдательный залог, инфинитив, герундий, причастие, модальные глаголы, условные предложения, сослагательное наклонение, эмфатические конструкции.


ст. преп. Е. Ф. Елизарова, доц. Л. В. Кузнецова,

ст. преп. И. В. Лисицына


канд. фил. наук А. М. Тюнь

Издание второе, расширенное и дополненное



для студентов обществоведческих факультетов

/грамматические упражнения/


Decimal monetary system was adopted in Great Britain in 1971.

Десятичная денежная система была принята в Великобритании в 1971 году. /Десятичную денежную систему приняли…/

Berkley’s view has not been shared by many other philosophers.

Взгляды Беркли не разделялись многими другими философами. /…не разделяли многие другие философы. /

Exercise 1

Translate into Russian.

1.Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored. (A. Huxley)

2. One is easily deceived by what one loves. (J. Moliere)

3. Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. (R. Emerson)

4. No nation was ever ruined by trade. (B. Franklin)

5. Rationalism was given its classic formulation by Descartes in the first half of the seventeenth century.

6. Zeno believed that there is no such thing as chance, and that the course of nature is rigidly determined by natural laws.

7. A man’s freedom of choice is always limited by the hard facts of the situation he is faced with.

8. Society is now thought of not as a means of oppression but as an organism born of spontaneous agreement between free and equal men. (Rousseau)

9. It is a reasonable supposition that of this century’s philosophers Bertrand Russell will be longest remembered.

10. Wonderful discoveries are being made in the field of science nowadays.

Man has always been faced by problems of all kinds, to which he was impelled to find solution.

12. In the late seventies “Capital” had been translated into several languages, including Russian, and all over the world groups of revolutionaries were beginning to call themselves Marxists.

13. When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries everywhere is in danger. (F .D. Roosevelt)

14. In his study of the utopian socialists Marx was greatly influenced by the ideas of St. Simon.

15. Common sense is the most widely shared commodity in the world, for every man is convinced that he is well supplied with it. (R. Descartes)

16. Husserel’s life was clouded by the rise of the Nazis when he was deserted as an old man by “Aryan” scholars whom he had taught.

17. The development of pure mathematics from logic was set forth in detail in “ Pricipia Mathematica” by Russel and Whitehead.

18. Economics is the study of the way a society is organised for the production of its material needs and the distribution of what is produced.

19. London University was founded in order to provide a university education for Non-Conformists who until the 1850’s were not admitted to Oxford or Cambridge.

20. The superiority of one race to another is hardly ever believed in for any good reason. Where the belief persists, it is kept alive by military supremacy.

21. Philosophical ideas about human understanding today are shaped by axioms from 17-th century debates in science and history.

22. In the human thought-process the law of the transformation of quality into quantity and vice versa is illustrated by many cases of the emergence of a new idea or theory.

23. New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common. (J. Locke)

24. Empiricism was distorted into the teaching that our knowledge is limited to what our senses directly perceive.

25. Positive and negative are conditioned by one another.

26. By philosophy is generally meant our most general account of the nature of the world and of mankind’s place and destiny in it – our world outlook.

27. To whom nothing is given, of him can nothing be required. (J. A. Fielding)

28. What cannot be cured must be endured. (Proverb)

29. Man must have economic freedom before much more progress can be made toward extending any other aspect of freedom.

30. In some of the countries there were no higher diplomas and a specialist could be nominated professor without passing any exams.

31. The absolute sovereignty and legality of each state must be respected.

32. The musician who always plays on the same string is laughed at. (Homer)

33. Friendship is usually treated by the majority of mankind as a tough and everlasting thing which will survive all manner of bad treatment. But this is an exceedingly great and foolish error; it may die in an hour of a single unwise word… (Ouida)

34. Nothing appears more surprising to those who consider human affairs with a philosophical eye, than the ease with which the many are governed by the few. (D. Hume)

35. There are more things in heaven and earth Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. (W. Shakespeare)

36. Leonardo da Vinci’s works were left in manuscript form and were probably not widely known among his contemporaries – for which reason his influence on early science is comparatively insignificant.

37. In 1834 the Houses of Parliament with the exception of Westminster Hall, were destroyed by fire. They were rebuilt by Sir Charles Barry.

38. For a long time the earth was believed to be flat.

39. At least five people were killed and scores wounded when hurricane Inez swept across the Caribbean Islands.

40. In large universities in addition to listening to lectures, the students are required to attend quiz sessions which are supervised by assistants. In these quiz sessions the lectures are discussed and text readings are assigned.

41. Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. (Emerson)


Exercise 1

^ Translate the sentences with the Infinitive as the Subject:

To be conscious that you are ignorant is a great step to knowledge.

Сознавать свое невежество /сознание своего невежества/ - это большой шаг к знаниям.

1. To travel hopefully is better than to arrive.

2. To be is to be perceived. (Berkley)

3. To pull down is easier than to build.

4. To acquire knowledge and to acquire it unceasingly is the first duty of the artist. (Thurston)

5. To have written thirty large volumes in the space of forty-eight years was an achievement, which, taking into account Thomas Aquinas’s heavy public duties, is almost without parallel.

6. To be serious about life is to face the need to investigate the world and change it; to be serious about changing the world means taking political action.

7. To teach a subject is one of the best ways of learning it.

8. To have doubted one’s own principles is a mark of a civilized man. (Holmes)

9. To find the fault is easy; to do better may be difficult. (Plutarch)

10. To care passionately for another human creature brings always more sorrow than joy. (Christie)

11. It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what others say in a whole book. (Nietzsche)

12. To cease smoking is the easiest thing I ever did; I know because I’ve done it a thousand times. (Twain)

13. It is human nature to think wisely and to act foolishly. (France)

14. The world is my country, all mankind are my brethern, and to do good is my religion. (Paine)

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